Accelerator Mass Spectrometry in Laboratory Nuclear Astrophysics

O. Nusair, W. Bauder, G. Gyürky, M. Paul, P. Collon, Zs Fülöp, J. Greene, N. Kinoshita, T. Palchan, R. Pardo, K. E. Rehm, R. Scott, R. Vondrasek

Research output: Contribution to journalConference article

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The extreme sensitivity and discrimination power of accelerator mass spectrometry (AMS) allows for the search and the detection of rare nuclides either in natural samples or produced in the laboratory. At Argonne National Laboratory, we are developing an AMS setup aimed in particular at the detection of medium and heavy nuclides, relying on the high ion energy achievable with the ATLAS superconducting linear accelerator and on gas-filled magnet isobaric separation. The setup was recently used for the detection of the 146Sm p-process nuclide and for a new determination of the 146Sm half-life (68.7 My). AMS plays an important role in the measurement of stellar nuclear reaction cross sections by the activation method, extending thus the technique to the study of production of long-lived radionuclides. Preliminary measurements of the 147Sm(γ,n)146Sm are described. A measurement of the 142Nd(α,γ)146Sm and 142Nd(α,n)145Sm reactions is in preparation. A new laser-ablation method for the feeding of the Electron Cyclotron Resonance (ECR) ion source is described.

Original languageEnglish
Article number012076
JournalJournal of Physics: Conference Series
Volume665
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 5 2016
Event6th Nuclear Physics in Astrophysics, NPA 2013 - Lisbon, Portugal
Duration: May 19 2013May 24 2013

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

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    Nusair, O., Bauder, W., Gyürky, G., Paul, M., Collon, P., Fülöp, Z., Greene, J., Kinoshita, N., Palchan, T., Pardo, R., Rehm, K. E., Scott, R., & Vondrasek, R. (2016). Accelerator Mass Spectrometry in Laboratory Nuclear Astrophysics. Journal of Physics: Conference Series, 665(1), [012076]. https://doi.org/10.1088/1742-6596/665/1/012076