Absolute improvements in freedom from distant recurrence to tailor adjuvant endocrine therapies for premenopausal women: Results from TExT and Soft

Olivia Pagani, Prudence A. Francis, Gini F. Fleming, Barbara A. Walley, Giuseppe Viale, Marco Colleoni, István Láng, Henry L. Gómez, Carlo Tondini, Graziella Pinotti, Angelo Di Leo, Alan S. Coates, Aron Goldhirsch, Richard D. Gelber, Meredith M. Regan

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Abstract

PURPOSE The Tamoxifen and Exemestane Trial (TEXT)/Suppression of Ovarian Function Trial (SOFT) showed superior outcomes for premenopausal women with hormone receptor (HR)–positive breast cancer treated with adjuvant exemestane plus ovarian function suppression (OFS) or tamoxifen plus OFS versus tamoxifen alone. We previously reported the magnitude of absolute improvements in freedom from any recurrence across a continuous, composite measure of recurrence risk to tailor decision making. With longer follow-up, we now focus on distant recurrence. METHODS The TEXT/SOFT HR-positive/human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2)–negative analysis population included 4,891 women stratified by predetermined chemotherapy use. Kaplan-Meier estimates of 8-year freedom from distant recurrence were analyzed using subpopulation treatment effect pattern plot (STEPP) methodology across subpopulations defined by the continuous composite measure of recurrence risk. For each patient, the composite risk value was obtained from a Cox model that incorporated age; nodal status; tumor size; grade; and estrogen receptor, progesterone receptor, and Ki-67 labeling index expression levels. RESULTS The overall rate of 8-year freedom from distant recurrence was 91.1% and ranged from approximately 100% to 63% across lowest to highest composite risks. TEXT patients who received chemotherapy had an average absolute improvement with exemestane plus OFS versus tamoxifen plus OFS of 5.1%, and STEPP analysis showed improvements from less than 1% to more than 15% from lowest to highest composite risks. SOFT patients who remained premenopausal after chemotherapy had an average 5.2% absolute improvement with exemestane plus OFS versus tamoxifen and reached 10% across composite risks; for tamoxifen plus OFS versus tamoxifen, the maximum improvement was approximately 3.5%. Women who did not receive chemotherapy had a more than 97% rate of 8-year freedom from distant recurrence, and improvements with exemestane plus OFS ranged from 1% to 4%. CONCLUSION Premenopausal women with HR-positive/HER2-negative breast cancer and high recurrence risk, as defined by clinicopathologic characteristics, may experience a 10% to 15% absolute improvement in 8-year freedom from distant recurrence with exemestane plus OFS versus tamoxifen plus OFS or tamoxifen alone. The potential benefit of escalating endocrine therapy versus tamoxifen alone is minimal for those at low recurrence risk.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1293-1303
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Clinical Oncology
Volume38
Issue number12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 20 2020

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

Cite this

Pagani, O., Francis, P. A., Fleming, G. F., Walley, B. A., Viale, G., Colleoni, M., Láng, I., Gómez, H. L., Tondini, C., Pinotti, G., Di Leo, A., Coates, A. S., Goldhirsch, A., Gelber, R. D., & Regan, M. M. (2020). Absolute improvements in freedom from distant recurrence to tailor adjuvant endocrine therapies for premenopausal women: Results from TExT and Soft. Journal of Clinical Oncology, 38(12), 1293-1303. https://doi.org/10.1200/JCO.18.01967