Abdominal obesity increases metabolic risk factors in non-obese adults: A Hungarian cross-sectional study

Anita Lukács, Edina Horváth, Zsuzsanna Máté, Andrea Szabó, Katalin Virág, Magor Papp, János Sándor, Róza Ádány, Edit Paulik

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

Background: The prevalence of abdominal obesity is increasing worldwide. Adults with abdominal obesity have been reported to have increased risk of cardiometabolic disorders. The aim of this study was to examine whether non-obese subjects (body mass index (BMI) < 25 kg/m2) with abdominal obesity examined in the framework of the Swiss-Hungarian Cooperation Programme had increased metabolic risk compared to participants without abdominal obesity. Methods: A cross-sectional study was carried out in 5228 non-obese individuals. Data were collected between July 2012 and February 2016. Descriptive statistics, Pearson's correlation analysis and multiple logistic regression models were applied, odds ratios (OR) with 95% confidence interval (CI) being the outcomes. Results: 607 (11.6%) out of the 5228 non-obese individuals had abdominal obesity. The correlation analysis indicated that the correlation coefficients between BMI and waist circumference (WC) were 0.610 in males and 0.526 in females. In this subgroup, the prevalence of high systolic blood pressure, high fasting blood glucose, and high total cholesterol and triglyceride levels were significantly higher. The logistic regression model based on these data showed significantly higher risk for developing high systolic blood pressure (OR = 1.53; 95% CI = 1.20-1.94), low HDL cholesterol (OR = 2.06; 95% CI = 1.09-3.89), and high trygliceride level (OR = 1.65; 95% CI = 1.27-2.16). Conclusions: There was a very high, significant, positive correlation between WC and BMI. Abdominal obesity was found to be strongly related to certain metabolic risk factors among non-obese subjects. Hence, measuring waist circumference could be recommended as a simple and efficient tool for screening abdominal obesity and related metabolic risk even in non-obese individuals.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1533
JournalBMC public health
Volume19
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 15 2019

Fingerprint

Abdominal Obesity
Cross-Sectional Studies
Waist Circumference
Logistic Models
Odds Ratio
Confidence Intervals
Body Mass Index
Blood Pressure
Hypertension
HDL Cholesterol
Blood Glucose
Fasting
Triglycerides
Cholesterol

Keywords

  • Abdominal obesity
  • Metabolic syndrome
  • Prevention
  • Screening
  • Waist circumference

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

Cite this

Abdominal obesity increases metabolic risk factors in non-obese adults : A Hungarian cross-sectional study. / Lukács, Anita; Horváth, Edina; Máté, Zsuzsanna; Szabó, Andrea; Virág, Katalin; Papp, Magor; Sándor, János; Ádány, Róza; Paulik, Edit.

In: BMC public health, Vol. 19, No. 1, 1533, 15.11.2019.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Lukács, Anita ; Horváth, Edina ; Máté, Zsuzsanna ; Szabó, Andrea ; Virág, Katalin ; Papp, Magor ; Sándor, János ; Ádány, Róza ; Paulik, Edit. / Abdominal obesity increases metabolic risk factors in non-obese adults : A Hungarian cross-sectional study. In: BMC public health. 2019 ; Vol. 19, No. 1.
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abstract = "Background: The prevalence of abdominal obesity is increasing worldwide. Adults with abdominal obesity have been reported to have increased risk of cardiometabolic disorders. The aim of this study was to examine whether non-obese subjects (body mass index (BMI) < 25 kg/m2) with abdominal obesity examined in the framework of the Swiss-Hungarian Cooperation Programme had increased metabolic risk compared to participants without abdominal obesity. Methods: A cross-sectional study was carried out in 5228 non-obese individuals. Data were collected between July 2012 and February 2016. Descriptive statistics, Pearson's correlation analysis and multiple logistic regression models were applied, odds ratios (OR) with 95{\%} confidence interval (CI) being the outcomes. Results: 607 (11.6{\%}) out of the 5228 non-obese individuals had abdominal obesity. The correlation analysis indicated that the correlation coefficients between BMI and waist circumference (WC) were 0.610 in males and 0.526 in females. In this subgroup, the prevalence of high systolic blood pressure, high fasting blood glucose, and high total cholesterol and triglyceride levels were significantly higher. The logistic regression model based on these data showed significantly higher risk for developing high systolic blood pressure (OR = 1.53; 95{\%} CI = 1.20-1.94), low HDL cholesterol (OR = 2.06; 95{\%} CI = 1.09-3.89), and high trygliceride level (OR = 1.65; 95{\%} CI = 1.27-2.16). Conclusions: There was a very high, significant, positive correlation between WC and BMI. Abdominal obesity was found to be strongly related to certain metabolic risk factors among non-obese subjects. Hence, measuring waist circumference could be recommended as a simple and efficient tool for screening abdominal obesity and related metabolic risk even in non-obese individuals.",
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T1 - Abdominal obesity increases metabolic risk factors in non-obese adults

T2 - A Hungarian cross-sectional study

AU - Lukács, Anita

AU - Horváth, Edina

AU - Máté, Zsuzsanna

AU - Szabó, Andrea

AU - Virág, Katalin

AU - Papp, Magor

AU - Sándor, János

AU - Ádány, Róza

AU - Paulik, Edit

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N2 - Background: The prevalence of abdominal obesity is increasing worldwide. Adults with abdominal obesity have been reported to have increased risk of cardiometabolic disorders. The aim of this study was to examine whether non-obese subjects (body mass index (BMI) < 25 kg/m2) with abdominal obesity examined in the framework of the Swiss-Hungarian Cooperation Programme had increased metabolic risk compared to participants without abdominal obesity. Methods: A cross-sectional study was carried out in 5228 non-obese individuals. Data were collected between July 2012 and February 2016. Descriptive statistics, Pearson's correlation analysis and multiple logistic regression models were applied, odds ratios (OR) with 95% confidence interval (CI) being the outcomes. Results: 607 (11.6%) out of the 5228 non-obese individuals had abdominal obesity. The correlation analysis indicated that the correlation coefficients between BMI and waist circumference (WC) were 0.610 in males and 0.526 in females. In this subgroup, the prevalence of high systolic blood pressure, high fasting blood glucose, and high total cholesterol and triglyceride levels were significantly higher. The logistic regression model based on these data showed significantly higher risk for developing high systolic blood pressure (OR = 1.53; 95% CI = 1.20-1.94), low HDL cholesterol (OR = 2.06; 95% CI = 1.09-3.89), and high trygliceride level (OR = 1.65; 95% CI = 1.27-2.16). Conclusions: There was a very high, significant, positive correlation between WC and BMI. Abdominal obesity was found to be strongly related to certain metabolic risk factors among non-obese subjects. Hence, measuring waist circumference could be recommended as a simple and efficient tool for screening abdominal obesity and related metabolic risk even in non-obese individuals.

AB - Background: The prevalence of abdominal obesity is increasing worldwide. Adults with abdominal obesity have been reported to have increased risk of cardiometabolic disorders. The aim of this study was to examine whether non-obese subjects (body mass index (BMI) < 25 kg/m2) with abdominal obesity examined in the framework of the Swiss-Hungarian Cooperation Programme had increased metabolic risk compared to participants without abdominal obesity. Methods: A cross-sectional study was carried out in 5228 non-obese individuals. Data were collected between July 2012 and February 2016. Descriptive statistics, Pearson's correlation analysis and multiple logistic regression models were applied, odds ratios (OR) with 95% confidence interval (CI) being the outcomes. Results: 607 (11.6%) out of the 5228 non-obese individuals had abdominal obesity. The correlation analysis indicated that the correlation coefficients between BMI and waist circumference (WC) were 0.610 in males and 0.526 in females. In this subgroup, the prevalence of high systolic blood pressure, high fasting blood glucose, and high total cholesterol and triglyceride levels were significantly higher. The logistic regression model based on these data showed significantly higher risk for developing high systolic blood pressure (OR = 1.53; 95% CI = 1.20-1.94), low HDL cholesterol (OR = 2.06; 95% CI = 1.09-3.89), and high trygliceride level (OR = 1.65; 95% CI = 1.27-2.16). Conclusions: There was a very high, significant, positive correlation between WC and BMI. Abdominal obesity was found to be strongly related to certain metabolic risk factors among non-obese subjects. Hence, measuring waist circumference could be recommended as a simple and efficient tool for screening abdominal obesity and related metabolic risk even in non-obese individuals.

KW - Abdominal obesity

KW - Metabolic syndrome

KW - Prevention

KW - Screening

KW - Waist circumference

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