A versatile lab-on-a-chip tool for modeling biological barriers

Fruzsina R. Walter, Sándor Valkai, András Kincses, András Petneházi, Tamás Czeller, S. Veszelka, P. Ormos, M. Deli, A. Dér

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

44 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Models of biological barriers are important to study physiological functions, transport mechanisms, drug delivery and pathologies. However, there are only a few integrated biochips which are able to monitor several of the crucial parameters of cell-culture-based barrier models. The aim of this study was to design and manufacture a simple but versatile device, which allows a complex investigation of barrier functions. The following functions and measurements are enabled simultaneously: co-culture of 2 or 3 types of cells; flow of culture medium; visualization of the entire cell layer by microscopy; real-time transcellular electrical resistance monitoring; permeability measurements. To this end, a poly(dimethylsiloxane)-based biochip with integrated transparent gold electrodes and with a possibility to connect to a peristaltic pump was built. Unlike previous systems, the structure of the device allowed a constant visual observation of cell growth over the whole membrane surface. Morphological characterization of the layers was also accomplished by immunohistochemical staining. The chip was applied to monitor and characterize models of the intestinal and lung epithelial barriers, and the blood-brain barrier. The models were established using human Caco-2 intestinal and A549 lung epithelial cell lines, hCMEC/D3 human brain endothelial cell line and primary rat brain endothelial cells co-cultured with primary astrocytes and brain pericytes. This triple primary co-culture blood-brain barrier model was assembled on a lab-on-a-chip device and investigated under fluid flow for the first time. Such a versatile tool is expected to facilitate the kinetic investigation of various biological barriers.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1209-1219
Number of pages11
JournalSensors and Actuators, B: Chemical
Volume222
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2016

Fingerprint

Lab-on-a-chip
chips
blood-brain barrier
brain
Biochips
Brain
Endothelial cells
Cell culture
cultured cells
lungs
lab-on-a-chip devices
culture media
visual observation
Acoustic impedance
pathology
Cell growth
Pathology
staining
Polydimethylsiloxane
electrical resistance

Keywords

  • Blood-brain barrier
  • Endothelial cells
  • Lung and intestinal epithelial cells
  • Microfluidics
  • Permeability
  • Trans-epithelial/endothelial electric resistance

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Metals and Alloys
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films
  • Materials Chemistry
  • Instrumentation

Cite this

A versatile lab-on-a-chip tool for modeling biological barriers. / Walter, Fruzsina R.; Valkai, Sándor; Kincses, András; Petneházi, András; Czeller, Tamás; Veszelka, S.; Ormos, P.; Deli, M.; Dér, A.

In: Sensors and Actuators, B: Chemical, Vol. 222, 01.01.2016, p. 1209-1219.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Walter, Fruzsina R. ; Valkai, Sándor ; Kincses, András ; Petneházi, András ; Czeller, Tamás ; Veszelka, S. ; Ormos, P. ; Deli, M. ; Dér, A. / A versatile lab-on-a-chip tool for modeling biological barriers. In: Sensors and Actuators, B: Chemical. 2016 ; Vol. 222. pp. 1209-1219.
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