A transferable classical potential for the water molecule

A. Baranyai, Péter T. Kiss

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

37 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We developed a new model for the water molecule which contains only three Gaussian charges. Using the gas-phase geometry the dipole moment of the molecule matches, the quadrupole moment closely approximates the experimental values. The negative charge is connected by a harmonic spring to its gas-phase position. The polarized state is identified by the equality of the intermolecular electrostatic force and the spring force acting on the negative charge. In each timestep the instantaneous position of the massless negative charge is determined by iteration. Using the technique of Ewald summation, we derived expressions for the potential energy, the forces, and the pressure for Gaussian charges. The only properties to be fitted are the half-width values of the Gaussian charge distributions and the parameters of the nonelectrostatic repulsion-attraction potential. We determined the properties of gas-phase clusters up to six molecules, the internal energy and density of ambient water and hexagonal ice. We calculated the equilibrium density of ice VII as a function of pressure. As an additional test, we calculated the pair-correlation function, the isotherm compressibility, the heat capacity, and the self-diffusion coefficients for ambient water. As far as we know, this is the first classical model of water which is able to estimate both ends of the phase diagram, the high pressure ice VII, and the gas clusters of water with excellent accuracy.

Original languageEnglish
Article number144109
JournalThe Journal of Chemical Physics
Volume133
Issue number14
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 14 2010

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Ice
Gases
Molecules
Water
water
molecules
vapor phases
ice
pressure ice
Electrostatic force
Charge distribution
Dipole moment
Potential energy
internal energy
Compressibility
charge distribution
compressibility
Specific heat
Phase diagrams
attraction

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry

Cite this

A transferable classical potential for the water molecule. / Baranyai, A.; Kiss, Péter T.

In: The Journal of Chemical Physics, Vol. 133, No. 14, 144109, 14.10.2010.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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