### Abstract

We developed a new model for the water molecule which contains only three Gaussian charges. Using the gas-phase geometry the dipole moment of the molecule matches, the quadrupole moment closely approximates the experimental values. The negative charge is connected by a harmonic spring to its gas-phase position. The polarized state is identified by the equality of the intermolecular electrostatic force and the spring force acting on the negative charge. In each timestep the instantaneous position of the massless negative charge is determined by iteration. Using the technique of Ewald summation, we derived expressions for the potential energy, the forces, and the pressure for Gaussian charges. The only properties to be fitted are the half-width values of the Gaussian charge distributions and the parameters of the nonelectrostatic repulsion-attraction potential. We determined the properties of gas-phase clusters up to six molecules, the internal energy and density of ambient water and hexagonal ice. We calculated the equilibrium density of ice VII as a function of pressure. As an additional test, we calculated the pair-correlation function, the isotherm compressibility, the heat capacity, and the self-diffusion coefficients for ambient water. As far as we know, this is the first classical model of water which is able to estimate both ends of the phase diagram, the high pressure ice VII, and the gas clusters of water with excellent accuracy.

Original language | English |
---|---|

Article number | 144109 |

Journal | The Journal of Chemical Physics |

Volume | 133 |

Issue number | 14 |

DOIs | |

Publication status | Published - Oct 14 2010 |

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### ASJC Scopus subject areas

- Physics and Astronomy(all)
- Physical and Theoretical Chemistry

### Cite this

*The Journal of Chemical Physics*,

*133*(14), [144109]. https://doi.org/10.1063/1.3490660

**A transferable classical potential for the water molecule.** / Baranyai, A.; Kiss, Péter T.

Research output: Contribution to journal › Article

*The Journal of Chemical Physics*, vol. 133, no. 14, 144109. https://doi.org/10.1063/1.3490660

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - A transferable classical potential for the water molecule

AU - Baranyai, A.

AU - Kiss, Péter T.

PY - 2010/10/14

Y1 - 2010/10/14

N2 - We developed a new model for the water molecule which contains only three Gaussian charges. Using the gas-phase geometry the dipole moment of the molecule matches, the quadrupole moment closely approximates the experimental values. The negative charge is connected by a harmonic spring to its gas-phase position. The polarized state is identified by the equality of the intermolecular electrostatic force and the spring force acting on the negative charge. In each timestep the instantaneous position of the massless negative charge is determined by iteration. Using the technique of Ewald summation, we derived expressions for the potential energy, the forces, and the pressure for Gaussian charges. The only properties to be fitted are the half-width values of the Gaussian charge distributions and the parameters of the nonelectrostatic repulsion-attraction potential. We determined the properties of gas-phase clusters up to six molecules, the internal energy and density of ambient water and hexagonal ice. We calculated the equilibrium density of ice VII as a function of pressure. As an additional test, we calculated the pair-correlation function, the isotherm compressibility, the heat capacity, and the self-diffusion coefficients for ambient water. As far as we know, this is the first classical model of water which is able to estimate both ends of the phase diagram, the high pressure ice VII, and the gas clusters of water with excellent accuracy.

AB - We developed a new model for the water molecule which contains only three Gaussian charges. Using the gas-phase geometry the dipole moment of the molecule matches, the quadrupole moment closely approximates the experimental values. The negative charge is connected by a harmonic spring to its gas-phase position. The polarized state is identified by the equality of the intermolecular electrostatic force and the spring force acting on the negative charge. In each timestep the instantaneous position of the massless negative charge is determined by iteration. Using the technique of Ewald summation, we derived expressions for the potential energy, the forces, and the pressure for Gaussian charges. The only properties to be fitted are the half-width values of the Gaussian charge distributions and the parameters of the nonelectrostatic repulsion-attraction potential. We determined the properties of gas-phase clusters up to six molecules, the internal energy and density of ambient water and hexagonal ice. We calculated the equilibrium density of ice VII as a function of pressure. As an additional test, we calculated the pair-correlation function, the isotherm compressibility, the heat capacity, and the self-diffusion coefficients for ambient water. As far as we know, this is the first classical model of water which is able to estimate both ends of the phase diagram, the high pressure ice VII, and the gas clusters of water with excellent accuracy.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=77958097831&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=77958097831&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1063/1.3490660

DO - 10.1063/1.3490660

M3 - Article

C2 - 20949989

AN - SCOPUS:77958097831

VL - 133

JO - Journal of Chemical Physics

JF - Journal of Chemical Physics

SN - 0021-9606

IS - 14

M1 - 144109

ER -