A thermometric titration study on the micelle formation of sodium decyl sulfate in water

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Abstract

The critical micelle concentration (cmc) and the enthalpy of micelle formation (ΔmicH) of sodium n-decyl sulfate (SDeS) in aqueous solutions were determined in the temperature range 15-45°C by isothermal titration microcalorimetry. An empirical sigmoidal expression providing high accuracy and internal consistency was used for the evaluation of the titration curves. As a function of increasing temperature, the cmc passes through a minimum at 29.5°C, where ΔmicH changes sign from positive to negative. The isosteric enthalpies calculated by means of the van't Hoff relation agree very well with the directly measured calorimetric enthalpies. The cmc, enthalpy, Gibbs energy, entropy, and heat capacity data of SDeS micellization are reported and compared with the results of previous studies on the same system. It was found that the presence of n-decanol, which appears to be a product of the natural hydrolysis of SDeS, significantly lowers the cmc. ΔmicH is less appreciably influenced by this impurity.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)214-219
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Colloid and Interface Science
Volume242
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 1 2001

Fingerprint

Sodium sulfate
Critical micelle concentration
Micelles
sodium sulfates
Titration
titration
Enthalpy
micelles
Sulfates
enthalpy
Water
Sodium
sulfates
water
sodium
Micellization
Gibbs free energy
Specific heat
Hydrolysis
trucks

Keywords

  • Calorimetry
  • Enthalpy of micelle formation
  • Micelles
  • Sodium n-decyl sulfate
  • Surfactants

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Colloid and Surface Chemistry
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Surfaces and Interfaces

Cite this

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title = "A thermometric titration study on the micelle formation of sodium decyl sulfate in water",
abstract = "The critical micelle concentration (cmc) and the enthalpy of micelle formation (ΔmicH) of sodium n-decyl sulfate (SDeS) in aqueous solutions were determined in the temperature range 15-45°C by isothermal titration microcalorimetry. An empirical sigmoidal expression providing high accuracy and internal consistency was used for the evaluation of the titration curves. As a function of increasing temperature, the cmc passes through a minimum at 29.5°C, where ΔmicH changes sign from positive to negative. The isosteric enthalpies calculated by means of the van't Hoff relation agree very well with the directly measured calorimetric enthalpies. The cmc, enthalpy, Gibbs energy, entropy, and heat capacity data of SDeS micellization are reported and compared with the results of previous studies on the same system. It was found that the presence of n-decanol, which appears to be a product of the natural hydrolysis of SDeS, significantly lowers the cmc. ΔmicH is less appreciably influenced by this impurity.",
keywords = "Calorimetry, Enthalpy of micelle formation, Micelles, Sodium n-decyl sulfate, Surfactants",
author = "Z. Kir{\'a}ly and I. D{\'e}k{\'a}ny",
year = "2001",
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language = "English",
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AU - Király, Z.

AU - Dékány, I.

PY - 2001/10/1

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N2 - The critical micelle concentration (cmc) and the enthalpy of micelle formation (ΔmicH) of sodium n-decyl sulfate (SDeS) in aqueous solutions were determined in the temperature range 15-45°C by isothermal titration microcalorimetry. An empirical sigmoidal expression providing high accuracy and internal consistency was used for the evaluation of the titration curves. As a function of increasing temperature, the cmc passes through a minimum at 29.5°C, where ΔmicH changes sign from positive to negative. The isosteric enthalpies calculated by means of the van't Hoff relation agree very well with the directly measured calorimetric enthalpies. The cmc, enthalpy, Gibbs energy, entropy, and heat capacity data of SDeS micellization are reported and compared with the results of previous studies on the same system. It was found that the presence of n-decanol, which appears to be a product of the natural hydrolysis of SDeS, significantly lowers the cmc. ΔmicH is less appreciably influenced by this impurity.

AB - The critical micelle concentration (cmc) and the enthalpy of micelle formation (ΔmicH) of sodium n-decyl sulfate (SDeS) in aqueous solutions were determined in the temperature range 15-45°C by isothermal titration microcalorimetry. An empirical sigmoidal expression providing high accuracy and internal consistency was used for the evaluation of the titration curves. As a function of increasing temperature, the cmc passes through a minimum at 29.5°C, where ΔmicH changes sign from positive to negative. The isosteric enthalpies calculated by means of the van't Hoff relation agree very well with the directly measured calorimetric enthalpies. The cmc, enthalpy, Gibbs energy, entropy, and heat capacity data of SDeS micellization are reported and compared with the results of previous studies on the same system. It was found that the presence of n-decanol, which appears to be a product of the natural hydrolysis of SDeS, significantly lowers the cmc. ΔmicH is less appreciably influenced by this impurity.

KW - Calorimetry

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KW - Sodium n-decyl sulfate

KW - Surfactants

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