A thermodynamic study of enantiomeric recognition of organic ammonium cations by pyridino-18-crown-6 type ligands in methanol and a 1: 1 methanol-1,2-dichloroethane mixture at 25.0°C

Reed M. Izatt, Xian Xin Zhang, P. Huszthy, Cheng Y. Zhu, Jon K. Hathaway, Tingmin Wang, Jerald S. Bradshaw

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

Log K, ΔH, and TΔS values for interactions of (R) and (S) enantiomers of α-(1-naphthyl)ethylammonium perchlorate (NapEt), α-phenylethylammonium perchlorate (PhEt), and the hydrogen perchlorate salt of 2-amino-2-phenylethanol (PhEtOH) with a series of chiral and achiral pyridino-18-crown-6 type ligands and 18-crown-6 (18C6) were determined from calorimetric titration data valid in methanol and in a 1: 1 (v/v) methanol-1,2-dichloroethane (MeOH-1,2-DCE) mixture at 25.0°C. In the MeOH-1,2-DCE solvent mixture, the chiral macrocyclic ligands exhibit excellent recognition for enantiomers of the three organic ammonium cations as shown by large differences in log K values (Δ log K) which range from 0.4 to 0.6 (2.5- to 4.0-fold difference in binding constants). The Δ log K values in the solvent mixture MeOH-1,2-DCE are increased by 0.1-0.5 log K units over those in absolute methanol, indicating a favorable effect of 1,2-dichloroethane on enantiomeric recognition. In 1,2-dichloroethane, however, the interactions are too strong (log K>6) to observe the degree of recognition by a direct calorimetric method. Complexation of organic ammonium cations by these macrocyclic ligands is driven by favorable enthalpy changes. The entropy changes ure unfavorable in all cases. The thermodynamic origin of enantiomeric recognition for NapEt in 1:1 (v/v) MeOH-1,2-DCE is enthalpic, but those for PhEt and PhEtOH are entropic. Effects of the ligand structure and flexibility and of the organic cation structure on recognition and complex stability are discussed on the basis of the thermodynamic quantities. Different thermodynamic behaviors of achiral 5 and 18C6 from those of chiral macrocyclic ligands indicate a difference between chiral and achiral macrocycle interactions with the chiral organic ammonium cations. The different thermodynamic behavior of NapEt enantiomers compared to those of PhEt and PhEtOH enantiomers supports the idea that the solution complex conformation of NapEt is different from those of PhEt and PhEtOH. π-π interaction is absent for the PhEt and PhEtOH complexes with diesterpyridino-18-crown-6 ligands in solution. Therefore, the higher degree of enantiomeric recognition for NapEt than for either PhEt or PhEtOH by these chiral macrocyclic ligands is a result of the presence of π-π interaction in the NapEt system.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)353-367
Number of pages15
JournalJournal of Inclusion Phenomena and Molecular Recognition in Chemistry
Volume18
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 1994

Fingerprint

ethylene dichloride
perchlorates
Ammonium Compounds
Thermodynamics
thermodynamics
Methanol
Cations
cations
methanol
methyl alcohol
Ligands
enantiomers
ligands
Enantiomers
hydrogen perchlorate
interactions
Phenylethyl Alcohol
perchlorate
18-crown-6
titration

Keywords

  • chiral organic ammonium salt
  • crown ether
  • Enantiomeric recognition
  • thermodynamics

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Chemistry(all)

Cite this

A thermodynamic study of enantiomeric recognition of organic ammonium cations by pyridino-18-crown-6 type ligands in methanol and a 1 : 1 methanol-1,2-dichloroethane mixture at 25.0°C. / Izatt, Reed M.; Zhang, Xian Xin; Huszthy, P.; Zhu, Cheng Y.; Hathaway, Jon K.; Wang, Tingmin; Bradshaw, Jerald S.

In: Journal of Inclusion Phenomena and Molecular Recognition in Chemistry, Vol. 18, No. 4, 12.1994, p. 353-367.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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abstract = "Log K, ΔH, and TΔS values for interactions of (R) and (S) enantiomers of α-(1-naphthyl)ethylammonium perchlorate (NapEt), α-phenylethylammonium perchlorate (PhEt), and the hydrogen perchlorate salt of 2-amino-2-phenylethanol (PhEtOH) with a series of chiral and achiral pyridino-18-crown-6 type ligands and 18-crown-6 (18C6) were determined from calorimetric titration data valid in methanol and in a 1: 1 (v/v) methanol-1,2-dichloroethane (MeOH-1,2-DCE) mixture at 25.0°C. In the MeOH-1,2-DCE solvent mixture, the chiral macrocyclic ligands exhibit excellent recognition for enantiomers of the three organic ammonium cations as shown by large differences in log K values (Δ log K) which range from 0.4 to 0.6 (2.5- to 4.0-fold difference in binding constants). The Δ log K values in the solvent mixture MeOH-1,2-DCE are increased by 0.1-0.5 log K units over those in absolute methanol, indicating a favorable effect of 1,2-dichloroethane on enantiomeric recognition. In 1,2-dichloroethane, however, the interactions are too strong (log K>6) to observe the degree of recognition by a direct calorimetric method. Complexation of organic ammonium cations by these macrocyclic ligands is driven by favorable enthalpy changes. The entropy changes ure unfavorable in all cases. The thermodynamic origin of enantiomeric recognition for NapEt in 1:1 (v/v) MeOH-1,2-DCE is enthalpic, but those for PhEt and PhEtOH are entropic. Effects of the ligand structure and flexibility and of the organic cation structure on recognition and complex stability are discussed on the basis of the thermodynamic quantities. Different thermodynamic behaviors of achiral 5 and 18C6 from those of chiral macrocyclic ligands indicate a difference between chiral and achiral macrocycle interactions with the chiral organic ammonium cations. The different thermodynamic behavior of NapEt enantiomers compared to those of PhEt and PhEtOH enantiomers supports the idea that the solution complex conformation of NapEt is different from those of PhEt and PhEtOH. π-π interaction is absent for the PhEt and PhEtOH complexes with diesterpyridino-18-crown-6 ligands in solution. Therefore, the higher degree of enantiomeric recognition for NapEt than for either PhEt or PhEtOH by these chiral macrocyclic ligands is a result of the presence of π-π interaction in the NapEt system.",
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author = "Izatt, {Reed M.} and Zhang, {Xian Xin} and P. Huszthy and Zhu, {Cheng Y.} and Hathaway, {Jon K.} and Tingmin Wang and Bradshaw, {Jerald S.}",
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T1 - A thermodynamic study of enantiomeric recognition of organic ammonium cations by pyridino-18-crown-6 type ligands in methanol and a 1

T2 - 1 methanol-1,2-dichloroethane mixture at 25.0°C

AU - Izatt, Reed M.

AU - Zhang, Xian Xin

AU - Huszthy, P.

AU - Zhu, Cheng Y.

AU - Hathaway, Jon K.

AU - Wang, Tingmin

AU - Bradshaw, Jerald S.

PY - 1994/12

Y1 - 1994/12

N2 - Log K, ΔH, and TΔS values for interactions of (R) and (S) enantiomers of α-(1-naphthyl)ethylammonium perchlorate (NapEt), α-phenylethylammonium perchlorate (PhEt), and the hydrogen perchlorate salt of 2-amino-2-phenylethanol (PhEtOH) with a series of chiral and achiral pyridino-18-crown-6 type ligands and 18-crown-6 (18C6) were determined from calorimetric titration data valid in methanol and in a 1: 1 (v/v) methanol-1,2-dichloroethane (MeOH-1,2-DCE) mixture at 25.0°C. In the MeOH-1,2-DCE solvent mixture, the chiral macrocyclic ligands exhibit excellent recognition for enantiomers of the three organic ammonium cations as shown by large differences in log K values (Δ log K) which range from 0.4 to 0.6 (2.5- to 4.0-fold difference in binding constants). The Δ log K values in the solvent mixture MeOH-1,2-DCE are increased by 0.1-0.5 log K units over those in absolute methanol, indicating a favorable effect of 1,2-dichloroethane on enantiomeric recognition. In 1,2-dichloroethane, however, the interactions are too strong (log K>6) to observe the degree of recognition by a direct calorimetric method. Complexation of organic ammonium cations by these macrocyclic ligands is driven by favorable enthalpy changes. The entropy changes ure unfavorable in all cases. The thermodynamic origin of enantiomeric recognition for NapEt in 1:1 (v/v) MeOH-1,2-DCE is enthalpic, but those for PhEt and PhEtOH are entropic. Effects of the ligand structure and flexibility and of the organic cation structure on recognition and complex stability are discussed on the basis of the thermodynamic quantities. Different thermodynamic behaviors of achiral 5 and 18C6 from those of chiral macrocyclic ligands indicate a difference between chiral and achiral macrocycle interactions with the chiral organic ammonium cations. The different thermodynamic behavior of NapEt enantiomers compared to those of PhEt and PhEtOH enantiomers supports the idea that the solution complex conformation of NapEt is different from those of PhEt and PhEtOH. π-π interaction is absent for the PhEt and PhEtOH complexes with diesterpyridino-18-crown-6 ligands in solution. Therefore, the higher degree of enantiomeric recognition for NapEt than for either PhEt or PhEtOH by these chiral macrocyclic ligands is a result of the presence of π-π interaction in the NapEt system.

AB - Log K, ΔH, and TΔS values for interactions of (R) and (S) enantiomers of α-(1-naphthyl)ethylammonium perchlorate (NapEt), α-phenylethylammonium perchlorate (PhEt), and the hydrogen perchlorate salt of 2-amino-2-phenylethanol (PhEtOH) with a series of chiral and achiral pyridino-18-crown-6 type ligands and 18-crown-6 (18C6) were determined from calorimetric titration data valid in methanol and in a 1: 1 (v/v) methanol-1,2-dichloroethane (MeOH-1,2-DCE) mixture at 25.0°C. In the MeOH-1,2-DCE solvent mixture, the chiral macrocyclic ligands exhibit excellent recognition for enantiomers of the three organic ammonium cations as shown by large differences in log K values (Δ log K) which range from 0.4 to 0.6 (2.5- to 4.0-fold difference in binding constants). The Δ log K values in the solvent mixture MeOH-1,2-DCE are increased by 0.1-0.5 log K units over those in absolute methanol, indicating a favorable effect of 1,2-dichloroethane on enantiomeric recognition. In 1,2-dichloroethane, however, the interactions are too strong (log K>6) to observe the degree of recognition by a direct calorimetric method. Complexation of organic ammonium cations by these macrocyclic ligands is driven by favorable enthalpy changes. The entropy changes ure unfavorable in all cases. The thermodynamic origin of enantiomeric recognition for NapEt in 1:1 (v/v) MeOH-1,2-DCE is enthalpic, but those for PhEt and PhEtOH are entropic. Effects of the ligand structure and flexibility and of the organic cation structure on recognition and complex stability are discussed on the basis of the thermodynamic quantities. Different thermodynamic behaviors of achiral 5 and 18C6 from those of chiral macrocyclic ligands indicate a difference between chiral and achiral macrocycle interactions with the chiral organic ammonium cations. The different thermodynamic behavior of NapEt enantiomers compared to those of PhEt and PhEtOH enantiomers supports the idea that the solution complex conformation of NapEt is different from those of PhEt and PhEtOH. π-π interaction is absent for the PhEt and PhEtOH complexes with diesterpyridino-18-crown-6 ligands in solution. Therefore, the higher degree of enantiomeric recognition for NapEt than for either PhEt or PhEtOH by these chiral macrocyclic ligands is a result of the presence of π-π interaction in the NapEt system.

KW - chiral organic ammonium salt

KW - crown ether

KW - Enantiomeric recognition

KW - thermodynamics

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