A test on within-individual changes in risk-taking behaviour due to experience to predation in the Collared Flycatcher (Ficedula albicollis)

Katalin Krenhardt, Gábor Markó, Eszter Szász, Mónika Jablonszky, Sándor Zsebők, J. Török, László Zsolt Garamszegi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Different experiences from the past may have influence on individual’s behaviour through feedback mechanisms that can weaken or preserve the within-individual consistency of behavioural traits. Here, we aimed to find evidence for such feedback mechanisms that may operate on risk-taking behaviour via the effect of former experience to potential predation events in male Collared Flycatchers (Ficedula albicollis). We predicted that risk-taking of males would decrease after experiencing a predator’s attack in previous breeding seasons (negative feedback). We assessed risk-taking by flight initiation distance (FID) that is the distance at which an individual flees from an approaching predator, which was estimated for 234 individuals from different breeding seasons. Information on predation experience (i.e. occurrence of nest predation, the incidence of capture by human observers) was available from our long-term database on individual life histories. In a horizontal approach, we found no difference in FID when comparing males with former experience to predation with males naive to predators. A longitudinal approach relying on the repeated tests of the same individuals from different years yielded analogous results, we could not show a significant change in the risk-taking behaviour of the males as a consequence of experience to predation in past years. However, we found that individuals systematically took less risk over the years, which might be a consequence of acquiring general experience with age.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)115-127
Number of pages13
JournalOrnis Hungarica
Volume24
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2016

Fingerprint

risk behavior
predation
feedback mechanism
predator
predators
breeding season
testing
flight
nest predation
preserves
life history
nests
Ficedula albicollis
test
incidence

Keywords

  • Feedback mechanisms
  • Flight initiation distance
  • Human handling
  • Predation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Animal Science and Zoology
  • Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics

Cite this

A test on within-individual changes in risk-taking behaviour due to experience to predation in the Collared Flycatcher (Ficedula albicollis). / Krenhardt, Katalin; Markó, Gábor; Szász, Eszter; Jablonszky, Mónika; Zsebők, Sándor; Török, J.; Garamszegi, László Zsolt.

In: Ornis Hungarica, Vol. 24, No. 1, 01.01.2016, p. 115-127.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Krenhardt, Katalin ; Markó, Gábor ; Szász, Eszter ; Jablonszky, Mónika ; Zsebők, Sándor ; Török, J. ; Garamszegi, László Zsolt. / A test on within-individual changes in risk-taking behaviour due to experience to predation in the Collared Flycatcher (Ficedula albicollis). In: Ornis Hungarica. 2016 ; Vol. 24, No. 1. pp. 115-127.
@article{dd06d8024508455ca17257745d03fd1f,
title = "A test on within-individual changes in risk-taking behaviour due to experience to predation in the Collared Flycatcher (Ficedula albicollis)",
abstract = "Different experiences from the past may have influence on individual’s behaviour through feedback mechanisms that can weaken or preserve the within-individual consistency of behavioural traits. Here, we aimed to find evidence for such feedback mechanisms that may operate on risk-taking behaviour via the effect of former experience to potential predation events in male Collared Flycatchers (Ficedula albicollis). We predicted that risk-taking of males would decrease after experiencing a predator’s attack in previous breeding seasons (negative feedback). We assessed risk-taking by flight initiation distance (FID) that is the distance at which an individual flees from an approaching predator, which was estimated for 234 individuals from different breeding seasons. Information on predation experience (i.e. occurrence of nest predation, the incidence of capture by human observers) was available from our long-term database on individual life histories. In a horizontal approach, we found no difference in FID when comparing males with former experience to predation with males naive to predators. A longitudinal approach relying on the repeated tests of the same individuals from different years yielded analogous results, we could not show a significant change in the risk-taking behaviour of the males as a consequence of experience to predation in past years. However, we found that individuals systematically took less risk over the years, which might be a consequence of acquiring general experience with age.",
keywords = "Feedback mechanisms, Flight initiation distance, Human handling, Predation",
author = "Katalin Krenhardt and G{\'a}bor Mark{\'o} and Eszter Sz{\'a}sz and M{\'o}nika Jablonszky and S{\'a}ndor Zsebők and J. T{\"o}r{\"o}k and Garamszegi, {L{\'a}szl{\'o} Zsolt}",
year = "2016",
month = "1",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1515/orhu-2016-0007",
language = "English",
volume = "24",
pages = "115--127",
journal = "Ornis Hungarica",
issn = "1215-1610",
publisher = "BirdLife International",
number = "1",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - A test on within-individual changes in risk-taking behaviour due to experience to predation in the Collared Flycatcher (Ficedula albicollis)

AU - Krenhardt, Katalin

AU - Markó, Gábor

AU - Szász, Eszter

AU - Jablonszky, Mónika

AU - Zsebők, Sándor

AU - Török, J.

AU - Garamszegi, László Zsolt

PY - 2016/1/1

Y1 - 2016/1/1

N2 - Different experiences from the past may have influence on individual’s behaviour through feedback mechanisms that can weaken or preserve the within-individual consistency of behavioural traits. Here, we aimed to find evidence for such feedback mechanisms that may operate on risk-taking behaviour via the effect of former experience to potential predation events in male Collared Flycatchers (Ficedula albicollis). We predicted that risk-taking of males would decrease after experiencing a predator’s attack in previous breeding seasons (negative feedback). We assessed risk-taking by flight initiation distance (FID) that is the distance at which an individual flees from an approaching predator, which was estimated for 234 individuals from different breeding seasons. Information on predation experience (i.e. occurrence of nest predation, the incidence of capture by human observers) was available from our long-term database on individual life histories. In a horizontal approach, we found no difference in FID when comparing males with former experience to predation with males naive to predators. A longitudinal approach relying on the repeated tests of the same individuals from different years yielded analogous results, we could not show a significant change in the risk-taking behaviour of the males as a consequence of experience to predation in past years. However, we found that individuals systematically took less risk over the years, which might be a consequence of acquiring general experience with age.

AB - Different experiences from the past may have influence on individual’s behaviour through feedback mechanisms that can weaken or preserve the within-individual consistency of behavioural traits. Here, we aimed to find evidence for such feedback mechanisms that may operate on risk-taking behaviour via the effect of former experience to potential predation events in male Collared Flycatchers (Ficedula albicollis). We predicted that risk-taking of males would decrease after experiencing a predator’s attack in previous breeding seasons (negative feedback). We assessed risk-taking by flight initiation distance (FID) that is the distance at which an individual flees from an approaching predator, which was estimated for 234 individuals from different breeding seasons. Information on predation experience (i.e. occurrence of nest predation, the incidence of capture by human observers) was available from our long-term database on individual life histories. In a horizontal approach, we found no difference in FID when comparing males with former experience to predation with males naive to predators. A longitudinal approach relying on the repeated tests of the same individuals from different years yielded analogous results, we could not show a significant change in the risk-taking behaviour of the males as a consequence of experience to predation in past years. However, we found that individuals systematically took less risk over the years, which might be a consequence of acquiring general experience with age.

KW - Feedback mechanisms

KW - Flight initiation distance

KW - Human handling

KW - Predation

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85051435813&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85051435813&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1515/orhu-2016-0007

DO - 10.1515/orhu-2016-0007

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:85051435813

VL - 24

SP - 115

EP - 127

JO - Ornis Hungarica

JF - Ornis Hungarica

SN - 1215-1610

IS - 1

ER -