A survey of biogenic amines in Oregon Pinot noir and Cabernet Sauvignon wines

M. Beatriz A Glória, Barney T. Watson, L. Simon-Sarkadi, Mark A. Daeschel

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

76 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The content of biogenic amines was determined in 59 samples of Pinot noir and Cabernet Sauvignon wines produced in Oregon, USA from the 1991 and 1992 vintages. Amines were separated by reversed-phase ion-pair chromatography and quantified fluorimetrically after post-column derivatization with o-phthalaldehyde. Overall, putrescine was the most prevalent amine, being present in samples in both varietals. It was followed by histamine (97% in Pinot noir and 79% in Cabernet Sauvignon) and cadaverine (93%) in Cabernet Sauvignon. Tryptamine was not detected in Cabernet Sauvignon wines. There was no significant difference between amine concentrations from the 1991 and 1992 vintages. Pinot noir contained significantly more putrescine, histamine, 2-phenylethylamine, serotonin, spermine and total amine; however, Cabernet Sauvignon contained more cadaverine and spermidine (p ≤ 0.05, Tukey test). The variability of the type and concentration of amines in the wines suggests that the amount of some amines in wines could be reduced. Due to the health concerns of amines in wine, efforts should be made to understand their formation in wine to optimize processing technology in order to secure low amine content.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)279-282
Number of pages4
JournalAmerican Journal of Enology and Viticulture
Volume49
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 1998

Fingerprint

Biogenic Amines
biogenic amines
Wine
amines
Amines
wines
Cadaverine
cadaverine
Putrescine
putrescine
histamine
Histamine
ion pair chromatography
o-Phthalaldehyde
phenethylamines
tryptamine
Spermidine
Spermine
Surveys and Questionnaires
spermine

Keywords

  • Biogenic amines
  • Cabernet Sauvignon
  • Histamine
  • Pinot noir

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Food Science
  • Horticulture
  • Biotechnology

Cite this

A survey of biogenic amines in Oregon Pinot noir and Cabernet Sauvignon wines. / Glória, M. Beatriz A; Watson, Barney T.; Simon-Sarkadi, L.; Daeschel, Mark A.

In: American Journal of Enology and Viticulture, Vol. 49, No. 3, 1998, p. 279-282.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Glória, M. Beatriz A ; Watson, Barney T. ; Simon-Sarkadi, L. ; Daeschel, Mark A. / A survey of biogenic amines in Oregon Pinot noir and Cabernet Sauvignon wines. In: American Journal of Enology and Viticulture. 1998 ; Vol. 49, No. 3. pp. 279-282.
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