A study of the exposure of various population groups to platinum in Vienna (Austria) through urine analysis by inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometry

Michaela Zeiner, Mihaly Ovari, Gyula Zaray, Ilse Steffan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

10 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Platinum is emitted to environment by automobile catalytic converters (ACCs), hospitals, noble metal refineries, and other industries. Due to abrasion of ACCs platinum leaves the cars with the exhaust fumes and can thus be found in urban and rural atmospheres. To study the exposure to this element its concentration in urine is determined. Urine represents an often used specimen for monitoring studies, as it plays an important role in the elimination of various substances from the body and in addition it can be collected easily. It is supposed that the Pt-intake depends on the physical activity of a person, i.e. the amount of air inhaled and food consumed. Therefore subjects without and with one or two hip-endoprostheses were selected for this monitoring study. The medians obtained for the Pt-concentration of the urine-samples of these three groups were 3.7 μg/g, 3.3 μg/g and 1.9 μg/g for persons with no, one and two prostheses, respectively. Applying a Mann-Whitney-U-test on these data leads to a p-value of 0.051 comparing the groups with n = 0 and n = 2, and a p-value of 0.052 for n = 1 and n = 2 (n = number of prostheses).

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)22-24
Number of pages3
JournalMicrochemical Journal
Volume93
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 1 2009

Keywords

  • Endoprostheses
  • ICP-MS
  • Physical activity
  • Platinum
  • Urine
  • Viennese population

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Analytical Chemistry
  • Spectroscopy

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