A bisphosphanylsilylene with ferrocenophane backbone and its heavier analogues are described in the form of donor adducts. These heterocarbenes can be formed by dehydrochlorination (Si) or cycloreversion (Sn, Pb) using NHC (N-heterocyclic carbene) tetramethylimidazol-2-ylidene. The structures of the bisphosphanyl-silylene, -stannylene and -plumbylene NHC adducts are presented, and the bonding and stability of these compounds were elucidated using DFT calculations. Reactivity studies confirm the stability of the silylene adduct, where the electrophilic character of the silylene center is comparable to a borane.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Organic Chemistry