The new heptapeptide somatostatin analog TT-232 decreases proliferation of HT-29 human colon carcinoma cells in vitro by reducing mitotic and increasing apoptotic activity. We have synthesized and characterized a specifically tritium labeled 3H-Tyr3-TT-232 (30 Ci/mmol) to investigate the effect and the fate of this antitumor peptide on human colon tumor cells. 3H-labeled TT-232 could be detected on the cell surface, on cytoplasmic membranes and also in the nucleus of HT-29 cells, 1-6 h after the administration of 0.5 and 50 μg/mL [ 3H]TT-232. Binding and internalization of TT-232 to human colon tumor cells at a relatively high dose provide further evidence for the existence of low-affinity somatostatin receptors in such cells, which might mediate the apoptosis-inducing effect. Our data suggest the possible use of TT-232 in the treatment of human colon tumors.
- Antitumor activity
- Colon tumor
- Somatostatin analog
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism