Introduction Approximately 10% of renal allografts fail during the first year after kidney transplantation (KT) and 3%–5% thereafter yearly. The indication and timing of allograft nephrectomy (AN) is still uncertain in some cases. The aim of this study was to reveal the ratio, etiology, and complications of AN at our center. Material and Methods This is a retrospective study of all patients who underwent KT at our center between January 1, 2004 and December 31, 2014. We analysed the frequency, indications, timing, and complications of ANs. Also early and late ANs were compared. Results From 417 renal transplantations 49 ANs were performed (11.7%). The most frequent indications were chronic allograft nephropathy (25; 51%), arterial blood supply complications, like arterial thrombosis and stenosis (7; 15%), treatment-resistant acute rejection (3; 6%), and nonreparable ureter complications (3; 6%). The average time of AN since KT was 28 months. ANs were performed as an urgent setting in 16 (33%) cases, whereas it was elective in 33 cases (67%). The AN was executed within 30 days (early) in 11 (22%) cases, and thereafter (late) in 38 (78%) cases. The main indication for early AN was renal artery thrombosis (4; 37%) and chronic allograft nephropathy (25; 66%) for late AN. Surgical complications occurred in 10 cases (20; 4%). The most common was hematoma. Conclusion The majority of the ANs were elective and late (more than 30 days; average time, 47 months). Leading indication was chronic allograft nephrectomy. Early ANs were urgent and life-saving in all cases.
|Number of pages||3|
|Publication status||Published - Sep 1 2016|
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