A new highly sensitive sandwich ELISA assay was developed for the determination of plasma factor XIII (FXIII). Plasma FXIII is a tetrameric complex of two types of subunits (A2B2). A biotinylated monoclonal capture-antibody against the B-subunit and a peroxidase-labelled monoclonal tag-antibody against the A-subunit were added to the plasma dilution and the amount of the complex attached to streptavidin-coated microplate was quantitated by measuring peroxidase activity. Only the tetrameric plasma FXIII reacted in the assay, non-complexed A or B subunits showed no reaction. The assay is linear up-to 40 μg/L of FXIII in the assay mixture. It is a quick one-step assay which can be performed within two hours. At normal and low FXIII concentration within batch reproducibility was 2.0% and 3.3%, day to day variation was 5.5% and 8.7%, respectively. Its high sensitivity allows reliable measurement at FXIII concentrations below 1% of normal average. Plasma samples can be stored for the assay at -20°C for at least one month. Plasma levels of healthy individuals were normally distributed and no gender difference was observed. A reference interval of 14-28 mg/L (67-133%) was established.
- Factor XIII
- Factor XIII ELISA
- Factor XIII reference interval
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