Catalase decreases the high, toxic concentrations of hydrogen peroxide but it lets the physiological, low concentrations in the cells mainly for signaling purposes. Its decreased activity may contribute to development of several pathological conditions. Catalase mutations occur frequently in exon 9, these were examined with different, complicated and costly methods. The aim of the current study was to evaluate a method for screening of polymorphisms in catalase exon 9. We used the slab gel electrophoresis of PCR amplicons without denaturation and silver staining for visualization of the DNA bands. We detected extra DNA bands in the 400-800 bp region of the catalase exon 9. Their single stranded nature was proved with nucleotide sequence analyses, comparison with the standard SSCP, staining with Sybr Green II and Sybr Green I, ethidium bromide, no digestion with RFLP (BstX I), and digestion with plant nuclease. We used this method for examination of polymorphisms of catalase exon 9 in microcytic anemia and beta-thalassemia patients. The lowest blood catalase activities were detected in microcytic anemia and beta-thalassemia patients with the TT genotypes of the C111T polymorphism. This method was sensitive for detection of G113A acatalasemia mutation, but poorly detected C37T and G5A acatalasemia mutations.
- Catalase gene mutations screening
- Microcytic anemia
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology