A simple method for assessing the mental health status of students in higher education

Éva Bíró, Róza Ádány, Karolina Kósa

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Mental health problems are common among students in higher education all over the world, so identifying those who are at higher risk would allow the targeted provision of help. Our goal was to develop an assessment tool to identify students at risk for vulnerable mental health status. This tool was created from the 12-item General Health Questionnaire and Antonovsky’s abbreviated sense of coherence scale and was tested to distinguish between those with high or low mental resilience. Predictive ability was characterized by likelihood ratios taking the Beck Depression Inventory and perceived health as references. One-quarter (95% CI 21.1% to 29.7%) of the students had been in vulnerable mental health characterized by low sense of coherence and high distress, whereas 28.4% (95% CI 24.2% to 33.1%) seemed resilient, having high sense of coherence and low distress. The high negative predictive value of the assessment tool reliably identified resilient students in comparison with both the Beck Depression Inventory (98.6%) and perceived health status (83.9%). Use of the assessment tool is recommended for students to distinguish between those at decreased and increased risk in terms of mental health. Mental health services should be offered to students at higher risk.

Original languageEnglish
Article number4733
JournalInternational journal of environmental research and public health
Volume16
Issue number23
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 1 2019

Fingerprint

Health Status
Mental Health
Sense of Coherence
Students
Education
Depression
Equipment and Supplies
Aptitude
Health
Mental Health Services

Keywords

  • Assessment tool
  • Likelihood ratio
  • Mental health
  • Predictive ability
  • Students

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis

Cite this

A simple method for assessing the mental health status of students in higher education. / Bíró, Éva; Ádány, Róza; Kósa, Karolina.

In: International journal of environmental research and public health, Vol. 16, No. 23, 4733, 01.12.2019.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{dd10af9a4fc44ea6afa5aa11f2b0fe3b,
title = "A simple method for assessing the mental health status of students in higher education",
abstract = "Mental health problems are common among students in higher education all over the world, so identifying those who are at higher risk would allow the targeted provision of help. Our goal was to develop an assessment tool to identify students at risk for vulnerable mental health status. This tool was created from the 12-item General Health Questionnaire and Antonovsky’s abbreviated sense of coherence scale and was tested to distinguish between those with high or low mental resilience. Predictive ability was characterized by likelihood ratios taking the Beck Depression Inventory and perceived health as references. One-quarter (95{\%} CI 21.1{\%} to 29.7{\%}) of the students had been in vulnerable mental health characterized by low sense of coherence and high distress, whereas 28.4{\%} (95{\%} CI 24.2{\%} to 33.1{\%}) seemed resilient, having high sense of coherence and low distress. The high negative predictive value of the assessment tool reliably identified resilient students in comparison with both the Beck Depression Inventory (98.6{\%}) and perceived health status (83.9{\%}). Use of the assessment tool is recommended for students to distinguish between those at decreased and increased risk in terms of mental health. Mental health services should be offered to students at higher risk.",
keywords = "Assessment tool, Likelihood ratio, Mental health, Predictive ability, Students",
author = "{\'E}va B{\'i}r{\'o} and R{\'o}za {\'A}d{\'a}ny and Karolina K{\'o}sa",
year = "2019",
month = "12",
day = "1",
doi = "10.3390/ijerph16234733",
language = "English",
volume = "16",
journal = "International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health",
issn = "1661-7827",
publisher = "Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute (MDPI)",
number = "23",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - A simple method for assessing the mental health status of students in higher education

AU - Bíró, Éva

AU - Ádány, Róza

AU - Kósa, Karolina

PY - 2019/12/1

Y1 - 2019/12/1

N2 - Mental health problems are common among students in higher education all over the world, so identifying those who are at higher risk would allow the targeted provision of help. Our goal was to develop an assessment tool to identify students at risk for vulnerable mental health status. This tool was created from the 12-item General Health Questionnaire and Antonovsky’s abbreviated sense of coherence scale and was tested to distinguish between those with high or low mental resilience. Predictive ability was characterized by likelihood ratios taking the Beck Depression Inventory and perceived health as references. One-quarter (95% CI 21.1% to 29.7%) of the students had been in vulnerable mental health characterized by low sense of coherence and high distress, whereas 28.4% (95% CI 24.2% to 33.1%) seemed resilient, having high sense of coherence and low distress. The high negative predictive value of the assessment tool reliably identified resilient students in comparison with both the Beck Depression Inventory (98.6%) and perceived health status (83.9%). Use of the assessment tool is recommended for students to distinguish between those at decreased and increased risk in terms of mental health. Mental health services should be offered to students at higher risk.

AB - Mental health problems are common among students in higher education all over the world, so identifying those who are at higher risk would allow the targeted provision of help. Our goal was to develop an assessment tool to identify students at risk for vulnerable mental health status. This tool was created from the 12-item General Health Questionnaire and Antonovsky’s abbreviated sense of coherence scale and was tested to distinguish between those with high or low mental resilience. Predictive ability was characterized by likelihood ratios taking the Beck Depression Inventory and perceived health as references. One-quarter (95% CI 21.1% to 29.7%) of the students had been in vulnerable mental health characterized by low sense of coherence and high distress, whereas 28.4% (95% CI 24.2% to 33.1%) seemed resilient, having high sense of coherence and low distress. The high negative predictive value of the assessment tool reliably identified resilient students in comparison with both the Beck Depression Inventory (98.6%) and perceived health status (83.9%). Use of the assessment tool is recommended for students to distinguish between those at decreased and increased risk in terms of mental health. Mental health services should be offered to students at higher risk.

KW - Assessment tool

KW - Likelihood ratio

KW - Mental health

KW - Predictive ability

KW - Students

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85075696187&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85075696187&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.3390/ijerph16234733

DO - 10.3390/ijerph16234733

M3 - Article

C2 - 31783500

AN - SCOPUS:85075696187

VL - 16

JO - International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health

JF - International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health

SN - 1661-7827

IS - 23

M1 - 4733

ER -