A Review on the Phytochemical Composition and Potential Medicinal Uses of Horseradish (Armoracia rusticana) Root

Nhat Minh Nguyen, Sándor Gonda, Gábor Vasas

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

18 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The current review focuses on a plant with a wide spectrum of potential uses, Armoracia rusticana (syn. Armoracia lapathifolia), commonly known as horseradish. The plant has been cultivated for a long time and is used in food industry, mainly as a condiment, but recent research has provided data on other possible uses. This paper focuses on the botany, distribution, agriculture, and chemical characterization of this root, and its possible therapeutical uses. Relations to other species, distribution, and ethnopharmacology are briefly discussed. An introduction is provided about the stability and technical properties of the main constituents. Detailed pharmacological description is given on the chief chemical compounds, allyl and phenethyl isothiocyanates, including in vitro and animal studies and pharmacokinetics. The main isothiocyanates are mainly researched as possible anticancer and antimicrobial agents.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)261-275
Number of pages15
JournalFood Reviews International
Volume29
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 8 2013

Keywords

  • Allyl isothiocyanate
  • Functional food
  • Gluconasturtiin
  • Phenethyl isothiocyanate
  • Sinigrin

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Food Science
  • Chemical Engineering(all)

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