A review on factors affecting the Agrobacterium-mediated genetic transformation in ornamental monocotyledonous geophytes

M. J. Koetle, J. F. Finnie, E. Balázs, J. Van Staden

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

10 Citations (Scopus)


Genetic improvement of ornamental geophytes especially the monocotyledonous type; is often restricted by failure of Agrobacterium to reach competent cells as well as a lack of efficient regeneration systems. Despite all these limitations, it has recently been shown that the use of efficient promoters, super-virulent strains, and the utilization of systems such as an agrobacterial monolayer, Agrobacterium-mediated pollen and seed transformation, floral dip method and sonication-assisted Agrobacterium-mediated transformation (SAAT) will ensure success in the genetic transformation of these ornamentals in the near future. This article outlines factors affecting transformation of monocotyledonous geophytes. Special emphasis is laid on measures that have been employed to alleviate various difficulties. The need to develop somatic embryogenesis protocols for the ease of transformation is highlighted. In addition, perspectives in view of future research are also given. This information is crucial for biotechnological improvement of ornamental geophytes that are proving difficult to transform.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)37-44
Number of pages8
JournalSouth African Journal of Botany
Publication statusPublished - May 1 2015



  • Agrobacterium
  • Genetic transformation
  • Monocotyledonous geophytes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Plant Science

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