A review of 126 Caesarean sections by blood gas and the acid-base status of newborn calves

O. Szenci, M. A.M. Taverne, E. Takács

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

15 Citations (Scopus)


Blood gas and acid-base status was determined in 126 Caesarean-derived calves. The newborn calves were assigned by venous blood pH value at birth to three groups as follows: Group 1 (normal): pH above 7.2; Group 2 (slight acidosis): pH 7.2 to 7.0; and Group 3 (severe acidosis): pH below 7.0. Following Caesarean section births 80 (63.5%) calves had normal acid-base values, while 30 (23.8%) had a slight acidosis, and 16 (12.7%) had severe acidosis. The degree of hypoxia was similar in each group. Six calves (37.5%) in Group 3 died within 48 h of birth. The blood gas and acid-base status of Caesarean-derived. calves was not significantly influenced by any examined parameters with the exception of sex in Groups 1 and 2. The occurrence of meconium-stained calves was 9.1% (n = 11), and only two calves were slightly or severely acidotic immediately after birth.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)667-673
Number of pages7
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - Oct 1989



  • Caesarean section
  • acid-base status
  • blood gas
  • calf

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Small Animals
  • Food Animals
  • Animal Science and Zoology
  • Equine

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