A resolved debris disk around the candidate planet-hosting star HD 95086

A. Moór, P. Ábrahám, A. Kóspál, Gy M. Szabó, D. Apai, Z. Balog, T. Csengeri, C. Grady, Th Henning, A. Juhász, Cs Kiss, I. Pascucci, J. Szulágyi, R. Vavrek

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29 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Recently, a new planet candidate was discovered on direct images around the young (10-17 Myr) A-type star HD 95086. The strong infrared excess of the system indicates that, similar to HR8799, β Pic, and Fomalhaut, the star harbors a circumstellar disk. Aiming to study the structure and gas content of the HD 95086 disk, and to investigate its possible interaction with the newly discovered planet, here we present new optical, infrared, and millimeter observations. We detected no CO emission, excluding the possibility of an evolved gaseous primordial disk. Simple blackbody modeling of the spectral energy distribution suggests the presence of two spatially separate dust belts at radial distances of 6 and 64 AU. Our resolved images obtained with the Herschel Space Observatory reveal a characteristic disk size of ∼6.″0 × 5.″4 (540 × 490 AU) and disk inclination of ∼25°. Assuming the same inclination for the planet candidate's orbit, its reprojected radial distance from the star is 62 AU, very close to the blackbody radius of the outer cold dust ring. The structure of the planetary system at HD 95086 resembles the one around HR8799. Both systems harbor a warm inner dust belt and a broad colder outer disk and giant planet(s) between the two dusty regions. Modeling implies that the candidate planet can dynamically excite the motion of planetesimals even out to 270 AU via their secular perturbation if its orbital eccentricity is larger than about 0.4. Our analysis adds a new example to the three known systems where directly imaged planet(s) and debris disks coexist.

Original languageEnglish
Article numberL51
JournalAstrophysical Journal Letters
Volume775
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 1 2013

Keywords

  • circumstellar matter
  • infrared: stars
  • stars: individual (HD 95086)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science

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    Moór, A., Ábrahám, P., Kóspál, A., Szabó, G. M., Apai, D., Balog, Z., Csengeri, T., Grady, C., Henning, T., Juhász, A., Kiss, C., Pascucci, I., Szulágyi, J., & Vavrek, R. (2013). A resolved debris disk around the candidate planet-hosting star HD 95086. Astrophysical Journal Letters, 775(2), [L51]. https://doi.org/10.1088/2041-8205/775/2/L51