A reagentless carbon paste electrode was designed for D‐lactic acid analysis in a flow injection system for the monitoring of the production of D‐lactate in a batch fermentation. D‐Lactate dehydrogenase, nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NAD+), a synthetic redox polymer containing covalently attached toluidine blue O as mediator, graphite powder, and paraffin oil were used for the construction of the modified carbon paste electrode. D‐Lactate selectivity was indicated by insignificant responses from a variety of possible interfernces including L‐lactate. The electrodes gave a linear response in the range between 0.05 and 5 mM D‐lactate, with a detecting limit of 30 μM, allowing a sample throughput of 20 h−1. Preliminary investigations were made by covering the electrode surface with electropolymerized membranes. Satisfactory stability was observed, indicated by a reproducibility of 3.3% relative standard deviation (RSD, n = 31), with a non‐membrane‐covered electrode for the analysis of D‐lactate in fermentation broth. A long‐term stability (230 broth samples) was proven, suggesting the electrodes to have a good potential for use in on‐line monitoring of fermentation processes. © 1995 John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
- D‐lactate dehydrogenase
- carbon paste electrode
- redox polymer
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology