A quantitative scale for the extent of conjugation of the amide bond, amidity percentage as a chemical driving force

Zoltán Mucsi, Alex Tsai, Milan Szori, Gregory A. Chass, B. Viskolcz, I. Csizmadia

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

37 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The amide bond may be considered as one of the most important chemical building blocks, playing an important role not only in living organisms but in organic chemistry as well. The exact description and precise quantification of the amide bond strength is difficult, requiring a particular type of theoretical investigation. The present paper suggests a novel, yet simple, method toward quantifying amide bond strength on a linear scale, defined as the "amidity scale". This is achieved using the computed enthalpy of hydrogenation (Δ H2) of the compound examined. In the present conceptual work, the Δ H2 value for dimethylacetamide is used to define perfect amidic character (amidity = +100%), while azaadamantane-2-on represents complete absence of amidic character (amidity = 0%). The component Δ H2 values were computed at differing levels of theory, providing a computational and quasi-"method-independent" measure of amidity. A total of 29 well-known amides were examined to demonstrate the "scoring" accuracy of this methodology. For the compounds examined, a correlation has been made between the computed amidity percentage and their common COSNAR resonance energy values, proton affinities, and reactivity in a nucleophilic addition reaction. Selected chemical reactions were also studied. It has been shown that the change of the amidity value, during acyl transfer reactions, represents a thermodynamic driving force for the reaction.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)13245-13254
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Physical Chemistry A
Volume111
Issue number50
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 20 2007

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conjugation
Amides
amides
organic chemistry
Addition reactions
scoring
organisms
Hydrogenation
hydrogenation
affinity
Protons
Chemical reactions
Enthalpy
chemical reactions
reactivity
enthalpy
Thermodynamics
methodology
thermodynamics
protons

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry

Cite this

A quantitative scale for the extent of conjugation of the amide bond, amidity percentage as a chemical driving force. / Mucsi, Zoltán; Tsai, Alex; Szori, Milan; Chass, Gregory A.; Viskolcz, B.; Csizmadia, I.

In: Journal of Physical Chemistry A, Vol. 111, No. 50, 20.12.2007, p. 13245-13254.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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