A public health threat in Hungary: Obesity, 2013

Imre Rurik, Péter Torzsa, Judit Szidor, Csaba Móczár, Gabriella Iski, Éva Albók, Tímea Ungvári, Zoltán Jancsó, J. Sándor

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: In Hungary, the last wide-range evaluation about nutritional status of the population was completed in 1988. Since then, only limited data were available. Our aim was to collect, analyze and present updated prevalence data. Methods. Anthropometric, educational and morbidity data of persons above 18 y were registered in all geographical regions of Hungary, at primary care encounters and within community settings. Results: Data (BMI, waist circumference, educational level) of 40,331 individuals (16,544 men, 23,787 women) were analyzed. Overall prevalence for overweight was 40.4% among men, 31.3% among women, while for obesity 32.0% and 31.5%, respectively. Abdominal obesity was 37.1% in males, 60.9% in females. Among men, the prevalence of overweight-obesity was: under 35 y = 32.5%-16.2%, between 35-60 y = 40.6%-34.7%, over 60 y = 44.3%-36.7%. Among women, in the same age categories were: 17.8%-13.8%, 29.7%-29.0%, and 36.9%-39.0%. Data were presented according to age by decades as well. The highest odds ratio of overweight (OR: 1.079; 95% CI [1.026-1.135]) was registered by middle educational level, the lowest odds ratio of obesity (OR: 0.500; 95% CI [0.463-0.539]) by the highest educational level. The highest proportion of obese people lived in villages (35.4%) and in Budapest (28.9%). Distribution of overweighed persons were: Budapest (37.1%), other cities (35.8%), villages (33.8%). Registered metabolic morbidities were strongly correlated with BMIs and both were inversely related to the level of urbanization. Over the previous decades, there has been a shift in the distribution of population toward being overweight and moreover obese, it was most prominent among males, mainly in younger generation. Conclusions: Evaluation covered 0.53% of the total population over 18 y and could be very close to the proper national representativeness. The threat of obesity and related morbidities require higher public awareness and interventions.

Original languageEnglish
Article number798
JournalBMC Public Health
Volume14
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 5 2014

Fingerprint

Hungary
Public Health
Obesity
Morbidity
Odds Ratio
Urbanization
Abdominal Obesity
Waist Circumference
Nutritional Status
Population
Primary Health Care
Demography

Keywords

  • Hungary
  • Obesity
  • Overweight
  • Prevalence
  • Primary care
  • Public health

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

Rurik, I., Torzsa, P., Szidor, J., Móczár, C., Iski, G., Albók, É., ... Sándor, J. (2014). A public health threat in Hungary: Obesity, 2013. BMC Public Health, 14(1), [798]. https://doi.org/10.1186/1471-2458-14-798

A public health threat in Hungary : Obesity, 2013. / Rurik, Imre; Torzsa, Péter; Szidor, Judit; Móczár, Csaba; Iski, Gabriella; Albók, Éva; Ungvári, Tímea; Jancsó, Zoltán; Sándor, J.

In: BMC Public Health, Vol. 14, No. 1, 798, 05.08.2014.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Rurik, I, Torzsa, P, Szidor, J, Móczár, C, Iski, G, Albók, É, Ungvári, T, Jancsó, Z & Sándor, J 2014, 'A public health threat in Hungary: Obesity, 2013', BMC Public Health, vol. 14, no. 1, 798. https://doi.org/10.1186/1471-2458-14-798
Rurik I, Torzsa P, Szidor J, Móczár C, Iski G, Albók É et al. A public health threat in Hungary: Obesity, 2013. BMC Public Health. 2014 Aug 5;14(1). 798. https://doi.org/10.1186/1471-2458-14-798
Rurik, Imre ; Torzsa, Péter ; Szidor, Judit ; Móczár, Csaba ; Iski, Gabriella ; Albók, Éva ; Ungvári, Tímea ; Jancsó, Zoltán ; Sándor, J. / A public health threat in Hungary : Obesity, 2013. In: BMC Public Health. 2014 ; Vol. 14, No. 1.
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