A preliminary chronological study to understand the construction phases of a Late Copper–Early Bronze Age kurgan (kunhalom)

Gábor Szilágyi, Katalin Náfrádi, Pál Sümegi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

The aim of this study is to identify the milestones of landscape evolution around the Ecse Mound (Karcag-Kunmadaras, Hortobágy National Park, Hungary) in the Holocene period by sedimentological and malacological analysis of strata underneath and within the body of the kurgan concerned, including that of the same characteristics of the artificially piled layers. An undisturbed core drilling was carried out and the sedimentological properties of both the mound and of the substrate baserock were revealed, analysis of which has been supported by three radiocarbon (AMS) measurements. The baserock formation during the last phase of the Ice Age, Middle and Upper Pleniglacial, and Late Glacial phases was followed by soil development in the Holocene, while the mound was constructed in two phases at the end of the Copper Age by the communities of the Pit Grave (Yamna or Ochre Grave) Culture. By publishing these preliminary data, it is also intended to draw attention to the need of focused research efforts by standardized methodology in kurgan research, in order to make the results of different studies consistent and comparable.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)27-55
Number of pages29
JournalCentral European Geology
Volume62
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 1 2019

Keywords

  • Chronology
  • Early bronze age
  • Kurgan
  • Malacology
  • Sedimentology

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geology

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