A precise temporal dissection of monosodium glutamate-induced apoptotic events in newborn rat retina in vivo

Viktória Dénes, Mónika Lakk, Nikoletta Czotter, R. Gábriel

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Although l-glutamate is the main excitatory neurotransmitter in the retina, excess glutamate level triggers severe neuronal damages. Therefore, monosodium glutamate has been used to probe neurodegenerative mechanisms but precise toxicity schedule is not available in vivo. We report, for the first time, a temporal analysis of apoptotic processes induced by subcutaneously applied monosodium glutamate. We investigated the glutamate triggered subcellular processes over a time scale of 48 h in neonatal retina. We employed immunoblots to measure the level of activated apoptotic factors and immunocytochemistry to reveal the dying cells. Upregulation of active caspase-9 started at 3 h and peaked at 6 h post-injection. Activations of caspase-3, caspase-6 and caspase-7 consistent with their late-phase roles increased at 6 h post-injection. The apoptotic processes were terminated by 24 h post-injection. Caspase 12 and calpain-2 seemed unaffected by subcutaneous monosodium glutamate administration. Uniquely, we found that the ubiquitous calpain-1 is not expressed in newborn rat retina.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1464-1474
Number of pages11
JournalNeurochemical Research
Volume36
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2011

Fingerprint

Dissection
Sodium Glutamate
Retina
Rats
Glutamic Acid
Calpain
Injections
Caspase 12
Caspase 6
Caspase 7
Caspase 9
Caspase 3
Neurotransmitter Agents
Toxicity
Appointments and Schedules
Up-Regulation
Chemical activation
Immunohistochemistry

Keywords

  • Apoptosis
  • Calpain-1
  • Calpain-2
  • Caspase-12
  • Caspase-9
  • Glutamate

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience
  • Biochemistry

Cite this

A precise temporal dissection of monosodium glutamate-induced apoptotic events in newborn rat retina in vivo. / Dénes, Viktória; Lakk, Mónika; Czotter, Nikoletta; Gábriel, R.

In: Neurochemical Research, Vol. 36, No. 8, 08.2011, p. 1464-1474.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Dénes, Viktória ; Lakk, Mónika ; Czotter, Nikoletta ; Gábriel, R. / A precise temporal dissection of monosodium glutamate-induced apoptotic events in newborn rat retina in vivo. In: Neurochemical Research. 2011 ; Vol. 36, No. 8. pp. 1464-1474.
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