A planetary system with an escaping Mars

Á Süli, R. Dvorak

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


The chaotic behaviour of the motion of the planets in our Solar System is well established. In this work to model a hypothetical extrasolar planetary system our Solar System was modified in such a way that we replaced the Earth by a more massive planet and let the other planets and all the orbital elements unchanged. The major result of former numerical experiments with a modified Solar System was the appearance of a chaotic window at κE ε (4, 6), where the dynamical state of the system was highly chaotic and even the body with the smallest mass escaped in some cases. On the contrary for very large values of the mass of the Earth, even greater than that of Jupiter regular dynamical behaviour was observed. In this paper the investigations are extended to the complete Solar System and showed, that this chaotic window does still exist. Tests in different 'Solar Systems' clarified that including only Jupiter and Saturn with their actual masses together with a more 'massive' Earth (4 < κE < 6) perturbs the orbit of Mars so that it can even be ejected from the system. Using the results of the Laplace-Lagrange secular theory we found secular resonances acting between the motions of the nodes of Mars, Jupiter and Saturn. These secular resonances give rise to strong chaos, which is the cause of the appearance of the instability window.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4-9
Number of pages6
JournalAstronomische Nachrichten
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Feb 7 2007



  • Instabilities
  • Methods: numerical
  • Solar system: general

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science

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