A one-step extraction and luminescence assay for quantifying glucose and ATP levels in cultured HepG2 cells

Rita Csepregi, Viktória Temesfői, Nikolett Sali, Miklós Poór, Paul W. Needs, Paul A. Kroon, T. Kőszegi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Citations (Scopus)


A fluorescence-based enzymatic microplate intracellular glucose assay was designed and fully validated. The method was tested in a hepatocellular cancer cell line (HepG2). Our novel one-step extraction reagent gave stable cell lysates for glucose, adenosine triphosphate (ATP), and total protein determination from the same sample. Limit of detection for glucose was 0.13 µM (26 pmol/well), which is superior to commercially available glucose assays. Both intra-and interday assay imprecision in HepG2 cultures were less than 12% coefficient of variance (CV). In cell lysates spiked with glucose, recovery at two levels varied between 83.70% and 91.81%, and both linearity and stability were acceptable. HepG2 cells treated with agents affecting glucose uptake/metabolism (phloretin, quercetin, quercetin-3′-sulfate, NaF, 3-bromopyruvate, NaN3, oligomycin A, ochratoxin A, cytochalasin B, and anti-GLUT1 antibody) showed dose-dependent changes in glucose and ATP levels without total protein (cell) loss. Finally, we performed flow cytometric glucose uptake measurement in the treated cells using 2-[N-(7-nitrobenz-2-oxa-1,3-diazol-4-yl)amino]-2-deoxyglucose fluorescent glucose analog. Glucose uptake did not always mirror the intracellular glucose levels, which most likely reflects the differences between the two methodologies. However, interpreting data obtained by both methods and taking ATP/protein levels at the same time, one can get information on the mode of action of the compounds.

Original languageEnglish
Article number2670
JournalInternational Journal of Molecular Sciences
Issue number9
Publication statusPublished - Sep 8 2018


  • ATP
  • Flow cytometry
  • Intracellular glucose assay
  • Luminescence
  • Metabolic inhibitors
  • Validation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Catalysis
  • Molecular Biology
  • Spectroscopy
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Organic Chemistry
  • Inorganic Chemistry

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'A one-step extraction and luminescence assay for quantifying glucose and ATP levels in cultured HepG2 cells'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this