A novel, complement factor H‐related regulatory protein expressed on the surface of human B cell lines

Anna Erdei, Nathalie Julen, Peter Marschang, Elisabeth Feifel, Krisztina Kerekes, Manfred P. Dierich

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5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Complement regulatory proteins present on the surface of various mammalian cells play an important role in controlling homologous lysis, by interacting with C3 (and usually C4). These proteins have a similar structural motif (“short consensus repeat”) (Reid, K.B.M., Bentley, R.D., Campbell, R.D., Chung, L.P., Sim, R.B., Kristensen, T. and Tack, B.F., Immunol. Today 1986. 7: 230), and the genes encoding them are members of the family of regulators of complement activation. Here we describe a hitherto unknown member of this family, a molecule expressed by B lymphoblastoid cells. This protein is recognized by polyclonal antibodies fo factor H and by MAH4, a monoclonal antibody reacting with the N‐terminal portion of factor H. The cell surface protein is built up of two disulfide‐linked chains of approximately 68 and 75 kDa. Biosynthetic labeling studies confirmed that it is synthesized by B cells only, but not by the investigated lines of other origin. When tested for its functional activity, this molecule was shown to act as cofactor for factor I‐mediated cleavage of fluid‐phase C3b to C3bi. The protein appears to be encoded by a 3.5‐kb mRNA, hybridizing with a cDNA probe coding for the N‐terminal portion of factor H. Due to its cross‐reactivity with anti‐H antibodies, cofactor activity for factor I and hybridization with factor H cDNA, despite its two‐chain composition, it is considered a factor H‐like protein.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)867-872
Number of pages6
JournalEuropean journal of immunology
Volume24
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 1994

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Keywords

  • B lymphoblastoid cells
  • Cofactor activity
  • Factor H‐like protein

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Immunology

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