A new type of oxidized and pre-irradiated micrometeorite

Carole Cordier, Bastian Baecker, U. Ott, Luigi Folco, Mario Trieloff

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This paper investigates the mineralogy and noble gas composition of a unique micrometeorite from the Transantarctic Mountains, #45c.29. The magnetite rim and the particle interior with olivine, pyroxene and magnetite relict grains (30–250 µm in size) set in a vesicular mesostasis are typical features of coarse-grained, partially melted micrometeorites. Particle #45c.29 stands out from other micrometeorites of this type by the texture of the mesostasis made of abundant plagioclase and augite laths, the remarkably high Ni contents in magnetite and olivine relict grains, and by the similarly high abundance of cosmogenic noble gases (21Necos up to 1.62 × 10−7 cm3 STP/g and 38Ar up to 7.2 × 10−8 cm3 STP/g). The high Ni content of Fa26 olivine relict grains (NiO ∼ 0.65 wt%), the high Ni (NiO ∼ 0.8 wt%) and Ti (TiO2 ∼ 0.3 wt%) contents of magnetite relicts, and the oxygen isotope composition of a sample of the particle (δ18O ∼ 2.3‰, δ17O ∼ −1.5‰), suggest a parentage with rare equilibrated CK chondrites. Pyroxene and plagioclase are not expected to crystallize during atmospheric entry of micrometeoroids. Their occurrence in #45c.29 may be explained by the Ca-, Al- and Na- rich composition of its precursor – in agreement with the high abundance of plagioclase reported in the matrix of CK chondrites – if combined with a relatively low cooling rate and, therefore, unusual atmospheric entry parameters (velocity/angle) of the micrometeoroid. Given these specific entry parameters, the particle has recorded unique information on mineralogical and textural transformations of micrometeoroids during atmospheric entry, with solid-state oxidation of the olivine relict grains in the igneous rim, and partial melting of relict mineral phases and relict/melt reactions in the particle interior. The cosmogenic 21Ne/22Ne ratio of 0.94 ± 0.02 is incompatible with major production by cosmogenic ray irradiation of a small particle in space. We propose that micrometeorite #45c.29 mostly records an earlier irradiation stage, in a meteoroid or more likely near the surface (<20 cm in depth) of an asteroid. In contrast, most of the other unmelted and scoriaceous micrometeorites analyzed for noble gases – if coming from asteroidal sources of the Main Belt – seem to have sampled deeper parts of their parent body, where they were shielded from cosmic rays and from where they were excavated during high-energy disruptive processes.

Original languageEnglish
JournalGeochimica et Cosmochimica Acta
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - Jan 1 2018

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Ferrosoferric Oxide
micrometeorite
Noble Gases
magnetite
noble gas
olivine
plagioclase
Oxygen Isotopes
Chemical analysis
Irradiation
chondrite
Asteroids
pyroxene
Mineralogy
Cosmic rays
irradiation
Minerals
Melting
parentage
Textures

Keywords

  • CK chondrites
  • Cosmogenic Ne and Ar
  • Interplanetary dust
  • Micrometeorite
  • Noble gases
  • Oxidation
  • Pre-irradiation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geochemistry and Petrology

Cite this

A new type of oxidized and pre-irradiated micrometeorite. / Cordier, Carole; Baecker, Bastian; Ott, U.; Folco, Luigi; Trieloff, Mario.

In: Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 01.01.2018.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Cordier, Carole ; Baecker, Bastian ; Ott, U. ; Folco, Luigi ; Trieloff, Mario. / A new type of oxidized and pre-irradiated micrometeorite. In: Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta. 2018.
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N2 - This paper investigates the mineralogy and noble gas composition of a unique micrometeorite from the Transantarctic Mountains, #45c.29. The magnetite rim and the particle interior with olivine, pyroxene and magnetite relict grains (30–250 µm in size) set in a vesicular mesostasis are typical features of coarse-grained, partially melted micrometeorites. Particle #45c.29 stands out from other micrometeorites of this type by the texture of the mesostasis made of abundant plagioclase and augite laths, the remarkably high Ni contents in magnetite and olivine relict grains, and by the similarly high abundance of cosmogenic noble gases (21Necos up to 1.62 × 10−7 cm3 STP/g and 38Ar up to 7.2 × 10−8 cm3 STP/g). The high Ni content of Fa26 olivine relict grains (NiO ∼ 0.65 wt%), the high Ni (NiO ∼ 0.8 wt%) and Ti (TiO2 ∼ 0.3 wt%) contents of magnetite relicts, and the oxygen isotope composition of a sample of the particle (δ18O ∼ 2.3‰, δ17O ∼ −1.5‰), suggest a parentage with rare equilibrated CK chondrites. Pyroxene and plagioclase are not expected to crystallize during atmospheric entry of micrometeoroids. Their occurrence in #45c.29 may be explained by the Ca-, Al- and Na- rich composition of its precursor – in agreement with the high abundance of plagioclase reported in the matrix of CK chondrites – if combined with a relatively low cooling rate and, therefore, unusual atmospheric entry parameters (velocity/angle) of the micrometeoroid. Given these specific entry parameters, the particle has recorded unique information on mineralogical and textural transformations of micrometeoroids during atmospheric entry, with solid-state oxidation of the olivine relict grains in the igneous rim, and partial melting of relict mineral phases and relict/melt reactions in the particle interior. The cosmogenic 21Ne/22Ne ratio of 0.94 ± 0.02 is incompatible with major production by cosmogenic ray irradiation of a small particle in space. We propose that micrometeorite #45c.29 mostly records an earlier irradiation stage, in a meteoroid or more likely near the surface (<20 cm in depth) of an asteroid. In contrast, most of the other unmelted and scoriaceous micrometeorites analyzed for noble gases – if coming from asteroidal sources of the Main Belt – seem to have sampled deeper parts of their parent body, where they were shielded from cosmic rays and from where they were excavated during high-energy disruptive processes.

AB - This paper investigates the mineralogy and noble gas composition of a unique micrometeorite from the Transantarctic Mountains, #45c.29. The magnetite rim and the particle interior with olivine, pyroxene and magnetite relict grains (30–250 µm in size) set in a vesicular mesostasis are typical features of coarse-grained, partially melted micrometeorites. Particle #45c.29 stands out from other micrometeorites of this type by the texture of the mesostasis made of abundant plagioclase and augite laths, the remarkably high Ni contents in magnetite and olivine relict grains, and by the similarly high abundance of cosmogenic noble gases (21Necos up to 1.62 × 10−7 cm3 STP/g and 38Ar up to 7.2 × 10−8 cm3 STP/g). The high Ni content of Fa26 olivine relict grains (NiO ∼ 0.65 wt%), the high Ni (NiO ∼ 0.8 wt%) and Ti (TiO2 ∼ 0.3 wt%) contents of magnetite relicts, and the oxygen isotope composition of a sample of the particle (δ18O ∼ 2.3‰, δ17O ∼ −1.5‰), suggest a parentage with rare equilibrated CK chondrites. Pyroxene and plagioclase are not expected to crystallize during atmospheric entry of micrometeoroids. Their occurrence in #45c.29 may be explained by the Ca-, Al- and Na- rich composition of its precursor – in agreement with the high abundance of plagioclase reported in the matrix of CK chondrites – if combined with a relatively low cooling rate and, therefore, unusual atmospheric entry parameters (velocity/angle) of the micrometeoroid. Given these specific entry parameters, the particle has recorded unique information on mineralogical and textural transformations of micrometeoroids during atmospheric entry, with solid-state oxidation of the olivine relict grains in the igneous rim, and partial melting of relict mineral phases and relict/melt reactions in the particle interior. The cosmogenic 21Ne/22Ne ratio of 0.94 ± 0.02 is incompatible with major production by cosmogenic ray irradiation of a small particle in space. We propose that micrometeorite #45c.29 mostly records an earlier irradiation stage, in a meteoroid or more likely near the surface (<20 cm in depth) of an asteroid. In contrast, most of the other unmelted and scoriaceous micrometeorites analyzed for noble gases – if coming from asteroidal sources of the Main Belt – seem to have sampled deeper parts of their parent body, where they were shielded from cosmic rays and from where they were excavated during high-energy disruptive processes.

KW - CK chondrites

KW - Cosmogenic Ne and Ar

KW - Interplanetary dust

KW - Micrometeorite

KW - Noble gases

KW - Oxidation

KW - Pre-irradiation

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