A new, scalable preparation of a glucopyranosylidene-spiro- thiohydantoin: One of the best inhibitors of glycogen phosphorylases

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Abstract

Benzobromo-glucose was converted into per-O-benzoylated β-D- glucopyranosyl cyanide by mercury(II) cyanide in nitromethane. Partial hydrolysis of the nitrile with hydrogen bromide in acetic acid gave per-O- benzoylated C-(β-D-glucopyranosyl)formamide. Photobromination using bromine in carbon tetrachloride, chloroform, or dichloromethane gave the corresponding per-O-benzoylated 1-bromo-1-deoxy-β-D-glucopyranosyl cyanide and C-(1-bromo-1-deoxy-β-D-glucopyranosyl)formamide. Reaction of the latter with ammonium thiocyanate in nitromethane gave the per-O-benzoylated C-6S configured glucopyranosylidene-spiro-thiohydantoin together with a small amount of the per-O-benzoylated C-(1-hydroxy-β-D-glucopyranosyl)formamide. Debenzoylation of the spiro-thiohydantoin with sodium methoxide in methanol gave gram amounts of the title inhibitor. The described sequence should be suitable for scaling up and the target compound can be prepared in ~30% overall yield starting from D-glucose. (C) 2000 Elsevier Science Ltd.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1719-1727
Number of pages9
JournalTetrahedron Asymmetry
Volume11
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 5 2000

Fingerprint

Thiohydantoins
glycogens
Glycogen Phosphorylase
Cyanides
cyanides
inhibitors
nitromethane
glucose
preparation
Glucose
Methanol
Hydrobromic Acid
Bromine
Nitriles
Carbon tetrachloride
Carbon Tetrachloride
Methylene Chloride
nitriles
Dichloromethane
carbon tetrachloride

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Inorganic Chemistry
  • Organic Chemistry
  • Materials Chemistry
  • Drug Discovery

Cite this

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title = "A new, scalable preparation of a glucopyranosylidene-spiro- thiohydantoin: One of the best inhibitors of glycogen phosphorylases",
abstract = "Benzobromo-glucose was converted into per-O-benzoylated β-D- glucopyranosyl cyanide by mercury(II) cyanide in nitromethane. Partial hydrolysis of the nitrile with hydrogen bromide in acetic acid gave per-O- benzoylated C-(β-D-glucopyranosyl)formamide. Photobromination using bromine in carbon tetrachloride, chloroform, or dichloromethane gave the corresponding per-O-benzoylated 1-bromo-1-deoxy-β-D-glucopyranosyl cyanide and C-(1-bromo-1-deoxy-β-D-glucopyranosyl)formamide. Reaction of the latter with ammonium thiocyanate in nitromethane gave the per-O-benzoylated C-6S configured glucopyranosylidene-spiro-thiohydantoin together with a small amount of the per-O-benzoylated C-(1-hydroxy-β-D-glucopyranosyl)formamide. Debenzoylation of the spiro-thiohydantoin with sodium methoxide in methanol gave gram amounts of the title inhibitor. The described sequence should be suitable for scaling up and the target compound can be prepared in ~30{\%} overall yield starting from D-glucose. (C) 2000 Elsevier Science Ltd.",
author = "L. Soms{\'a}k and V. Nagy",
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T1 - A new, scalable preparation of a glucopyranosylidene-spiro- thiohydantoin

T2 - One of the best inhibitors of glycogen phosphorylases

AU - Somsák, L.

AU - Nagy, V.

PY - 2000/5/5

Y1 - 2000/5/5

N2 - Benzobromo-glucose was converted into per-O-benzoylated β-D- glucopyranosyl cyanide by mercury(II) cyanide in nitromethane. Partial hydrolysis of the nitrile with hydrogen bromide in acetic acid gave per-O- benzoylated C-(β-D-glucopyranosyl)formamide. Photobromination using bromine in carbon tetrachloride, chloroform, or dichloromethane gave the corresponding per-O-benzoylated 1-bromo-1-deoxy-β-D-glucopyranosyl cyanide and C-(1-bromo-1-deoxy-β-D-glucopyranosyl)formamide. Reaction of the latter with ammonium thiocyanate in nitromethane gave the per-O-benzoylated C-6S configured glucopyranosylidene-spiro-thiohydantoin together with a small amount of the per-O-benzoylated C-(1-hydroxy-β-D-glucopyranosyl)formamide. Debenzoylation of the spiro-thiohydantoin with sodium methoxide in methanol gave gram amounts of the title inhibitor. The described sequence should be suitable for scaling up and the target compound can be prepared in ~30% overall yield starting from D-glucose. (C) 2000 Elsevier Science Ltd.

AB - Benzobromo-glucose was converted into per-O-benzoylated β-D- glucopyranosyl cyanide by mercury(II) cyanide in nitromethane. Partial hydrolysis of the nitrile with hydrogen bromide in acetic acid gave per-O- benzoylated C-(β-D-glucopyranosyl)formamide. Photobromination using bromine in carbon tetrachloride, chloroform, or dichloromethane gave the corresponding per-O-benzoylated 1-bromo-1-deoxy-β-D-glucopyranosyl cyanide and C-(1-bromo-1-deoxy-β-D-glucopyranosyl)formamide. Reaction of the latter with ammonium thiocyanate in nitromethane gave the per-O-benzoylated C-6S configured glucopyranosylidene-spiro-thiohydantoin together with a small amount of the per-O-benzoylated C-(1-hydroxy-β-D-glucopyranosyl)formamide. Debenzoylation of the spiro-thiohydantoin with sodium methoxide in methanol gave gram amounts of the title inhibitor. The described sequence should be suitable for scaling up and the target compound can be prepared in ~30% overall yield starting from D-glucose. (C) 2000 Elsevier Science Ltd.

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