A neural model of hippocampal-striatal interactions in associative learning and transfer generalization in various neurological and psychiatric patients

Ahmed A. Moustafa, Szabolcs Keri, Mohammad M. Herzallah, Catherine E. Myers, Mark A. Gluck

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

23 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Building on our previous neurocomputational models of basal ganglia and hippocampal region function (and their modulation by dopamine and acetylcholine, respectively), we show here how an integration of these models can inform our understanding of the interaction between the basal ganglia and hippocampal region in associative learning and transfer generalization across various patient populations. As a common test bed for exploring interactions between these brain regions and neuromodulators, we focus on the acquired equivalence task, an associative learning paradigm in which stimuli that have been associated with the same outcome acquire a functional similarity such that subsequent generalization between these stimuli increases. This task has been used to test cognitive dysfunction in various patient populations with damages to the hippocampal region and basal ganglia, including studies of patients with Parkinson's disease (PD), schizophrenia, basal forebrain amnesia, and hippocampal atrophy. Simulation results show that damage to the hippocampal region-as in patients with hippocampal atrophy (HA), hypoxia, mild Alzheimer's (AD), or schizophrenia-leads to intact associative learning but impaired transfer generalization performance. Moreover, the model demonstrates how PD and anterior communicating artery (ACoA) aneurysm-two very different brain disorders that affect different neural mechanisms-can have similar effects on acquired equivalence performance. In particular, the model shows that simulating a loss of dopamine function in the basal ganglia module (as in PD) leads to slow acquisition learning but intact transfer generalization. Similarly, the model shows that simulating the loss of acetylcholine in the hippocampal region (as in ACoA aneurysm) also results in slower acquisition learning. We argue from this that changes in associative learning of stimulus-action pathways (in the basal ganglia) or changes in the learning of stimulus representations (in the hippocampal region) can have similar functional effects.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)132-144
Number of pages13
JournalBrain and Cognition
Volume74
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 1 2010

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Keywords

  • Acetylcholine
  • Acquired equivalence
  • Alzheimer's
  • Amnesia
  • Associative learning
  • Basal forebrain
  • Basal ganglia
  • Dopamine
  • Hippocampal atrophy
  • Hippocampal region
  • Parkinson's disease
  • Schizophrenia

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuropsychology and Physiological Psychology
  • Experimental and Cognitive Psychology
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous)
  • Cognitive Neuroscience

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