A multidirectional investigation of stem bark extracts of four African plants: HPLC-MS/MS profiling and biological potentials

Kouadio Bene, Kouadio Ibrahime Sinan, Gokhan Zengin, Alina Diuzheva, József Jekő, Zoltán Cziáky, Muhammad Zakariyyah Aumeeruddy, Jianbo Xiao, Mohamad Fawzi Mahomoodally

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)


The practice of traditional medicine, especially herbal medicine, is still prevalent across the African continent. Yet, their in-depth pharmacological and chemical exploitation by the scientific community remain a necessity. The aim of the present study was to investigate into the phenolic components, antioxidant, and enzyme-inhibitory activities of three solvent extracts (ethyl acetate, methanol, and water) of the stem bark of four African plant species (Senna siamea, Distemonanthus benthamianus, Harrisonia abyssinica, and Pycnanthus angolensis). It was found that D. benthamianus followed by P. angolensis, displayed the highest DPPH and ABTS scavenging, ferric and cupric reducing, and total antioxidant capacity in the phosphomolybdenum assay. A similar result was observed for AChE, BChE, and tyrosinase inhibition. The two plants also showed comparable α-amylase inhibitory effect. On the other hand, H. abyssinica showed high metal chelating and α-glucosidase inhibition. Among the solvents used, the methanol extract seemed to be the most bioactive. In addition, TPC was highest in D. benthamianus (135.33–192.29 mg GAE/g) while P. angolensis was richest in TFC (7.68–12.48 mg RE/g). A range of bioactive compounds were identified in the extracts, with variations observed among the plants. Senna siamea stem bark showed the presence of nine compounds; where flavonoids (e.g. naringenin, kaempferol, dihydroquercetin) were recorded. Genistein (m/z 271.06), procyanidin B (m/z 577.13) and C (m/z 865.19) isomers were common in stem barks extracts of D. benthamianus and P. Angolensis. To conclude, D. benthamianus and P. angolensis can be considered as potential pharmaceutical agents or functional food components that could reduce the risks of oxidative stress-related disorders.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)217-224
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Analysis
Publication statusPublished - May 10 2019



  • Bio-pharmaceutical
  • Distemonanthus benthamianus
  • Enzyme inhibitors
  • Harrisonia abyssinica
  • Pycnanthus angolensis
  • Senna siamea

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Analytical Chemistry
  • Pharmaceutical Science
  • Drug Discovery
  • Spectroscopy
  • Clinical Biochemistry

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