A Bakony vetomintázatának morfometriai vizsgálata és az ebbollevonható néhány tektonikus geomorfológiai következtetés

Translated title of the contribution: A morphometric analysis of the fault pattern of the Bakony Mountains: Some tectonic geomorphological implications

András Zámolyi, Gábor Kovács, Balázs Székely, Gábor Timár

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The unique tectonic setting of the Pannonian Basin was recognised as early as 1900. In particular, the evolution and geologic characteristics of the outcropping pre-Cenozoic mountain ranges have been subject to detailed studies and prolonged discussions. Among these efforts, the Transdanubian Range occupies an important position because its wellpreserved outcrops, (which are rare in the Pannonian Basin) make it possible to collect direct measurements of the fault striations and fault plane orientations. The tectonic position of the Transdanubian Range provides the key to the link up of the Carpathian- Pannonian system to the Eastern Alps. It is interpreted as the uppermost thrust sheet of the Alpine nappe system that was emplaced in the Cretaceous. A key advance was made by the pioneering approach of MÉSZÁROS, who compiled a 1:100,000-scale structural and economic-geologic map of large parts of the Transdanubian Range in 1982 (northern and southern Bakony and Balaton Highlands). This detailed work puts a major emphasis on the mapping of structural features, distinguishing their sense of movement and constraining the time of their activity. Unfortunately, the map itself has never been published. However, parts of the map which were important for mining activities taking place at that time were produced in a summary paper (MÉSZÁROS 1983). This study focuses on the correlation of the fault pattern with geomorphologic features. Integration of the original map of 1982 into a GIS environment and subsequent tectonic geomorphological analysis reveals the close relationship between tectonics and the landscape evolution of the Bakony Mountains (PÉCSI 1987). A selected set of study areas provides results for further characterisation of the structural elements. A total of five hundred faults were subdivided and, segmented into two basic groups: One group consists of faults with spatially-related geomorphologic surface expression and the other group comprises tectonic elements not directly related to characteristic morphological features. These groups were further analysed on the basis of the properties assigned to them by MÉSZÁROS (direction of fault movement and age); the orientation patterns were compared to fault datasets from different authors for the whole of Transdanubia. Orientation analysis of various classes of faults reveals a surprisingly uniform angular distribution: the overall orientation pattern in the Bakony shows a slight but significant difference with respect to the general orientation in Transdanubia. Azimuthal distribution of the faults mapped by MÉSZÁROS is bimodal and can be interpreted as orthorhombic sets of faults. Additionally, the strike of geomorphologically significant faults differs from the strike direction of geomorphologically nonvisible faults by 15 to 20 degrees.

Translated title of the contributionA morphometric analysis of the fault pattern of the Bakony Mountains: Some tectonic geomorphological implications
Original languageHungarian
Pages (from-to)439-453
Number of pages15
JournalFoldtani Kozlony
Volume140
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - Dec 29 2010

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geology
  • Geochemistry and Petrology
  • Stratigraphy
  • Palaeontology

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