By using cloned Rhizobium meliloti, Rhizobium leguminosarum, and Rhizobium sp. strain MPIK3030 nodulation (nod) genes as hybridization probes, homologous regions were detected in the slow-growing soybean symbiont Bradyrhizobium japonicum USDA 110. These regions were found to cluster within a 25-kilobase (kb) region. Specific nod probes from R. meliloti were used to identify nodA-, nodB-, nodC-, and nodD-like sequences clustered on two adjacent HindIII restriction fragments of 3.9 and 5.6 kb. A 785-base-pair sequence was identified between nodD and nodABC. This sequence contained an open reading frame of 420 base pairs and was oriented in the same direction as nodABC. A specific nod probe from R. leguminosarum was used to identify nodIJ-like sequences which were also contained within the 5.6-kb HindIII fragment. A nod probe from Rhizobium sp. strain MPIK3030 was used to identify hsn(host specificity)-like sequences essential for the nodulation of siratro (Macroptilium atropurpureum) on a 3.3-kb HindIII fragment downstream of nodIJ. A transposon Tn5 insertion within this region prevented the nodulation of siratro, but caused little or no delay in the nodulation of soybean (Glycine max).
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology