Multiple sclerosis (MS), which results in damage of the white matter at multiple foci, poses a far-reaching public health problem in view of the burden it imposes on the affected young and middle-aged. Some previous data suggested that roles could be played in the demyelinization of the white matter of the brain by the malfunctioning of the mitochondria and mitochondria-associated reactive oxygen species. In this context, we hypothesized that the finely tuned dynamic stability of the mitochondrial membrane potential (MMP), which is the main mirror of the functional state of the mitochondria, is essential for the intact nature of the glia cells in the brain. Setting out from this, our aim in this study was to examine how the rs10807344 and rs2270450 genetic variants of mitochondrial uncoupling protein 4 (mUCP4) can give rise to the development of MS, since mUCP4 is presumed to be of great importance in the regulation of the MMP and cellular energy metabolism. The clinical and genetic data on 120 relapsing-remitting MS patients and 250 neuroimaging alteration-free subjects were analyzed. The rs10807344 CC genotype proved to exert a protective effect against the occurrence of MS (neuroimaging alteration-free controls, 58%; MS group, 33%; P < 0.0000089; OR, 0.32; 95% CI: 0.2-0.56, P < 0.005). The present findings indirectly raise the possibility that a shift or imbalance in the finally regulated MMP plays a role in the development of MS.
- Genetic variant
- Mitochondrial membrane potential
- Mitochondrial uncoupling protein
- Multiple sclerosis
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Medicine
- Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience