A genetic toxicological study of pesticide workers

Maria Nehéz, I. Dési

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Epidemiological surveys and cytogenetic screening were carried out in agricultural workers using pesticides in open fields and in closed spaces respectively in four agricultural counties of Hungary. Some data of the chromosome analyses show the probability of mutagenic effects caused by pesticides. Chromosome aberrations were significantly more frequent in pesticide workers already in the first year of work. Significantly more aberrations were found in those workers having an inhibited acetylcholinesterase activity at the time of the chromosome test. In 14 persons using benomyl, numerical chromosome defects increased significantly in 48 h following spraying, as compared to controls. One year later, the pre-spraying state was found again. Chromosome mutations were significantly more abundant also in tractor drivers and spray mixers working in orchards and ploughlands. These finding emphasize the necessity of a strict observance of preventive measures in occupational, food and environmental hygiene.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)201-208
Number of pages8
JournalInternational Journal of Environmental Health Research
Volume6
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 1996

Fingerprint

Chromosomes
Pesticides
Toxicology
chromosome
pesticide
Spraying
Aberrations
Benomyl
Hungary
Orchards
Acetylcholinesterase
agricultural worker
Hygiene
Cytogenetics
Chromosome Aberrations
cytogenetics
hygiene
orchard
spray
defect

Keywords

  • chromosome aberrations
  • human population
  • pesticide workers

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Science(all)
  • Environmental Chemistry
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

Cite this

A genetic toxicological study of pesticide workers. / Nehéz, Maria; Dési, I.

In: International Journal of Environmental Health Research, Vol. 6, No. 3, 1996, p. 201-208.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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