A composite bioinoculant based on the combined application of beneficial bacteria and fungi

Henrietta Allaga, Bettina Bóka, Péter Poór, Viktor Dávid Nagy, Attila Szucs, Istvánné Stankovics, Miklós Takó, László Manczinger, Csaba Vágvölgyi, László Kredics, Péter Körmöczi

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Abstract

A composite soil bioinoculant containing beneficial bacteria and fungi was developed for biocontrol of plant pathogens, phosphorous mobilization, stem degradation, humification, and nitrogen fixation. A Trichoderma asperellum isolate with outstanding in vitro antagonistic abilities toward a series of plant pathogenic fungi was included as a potential biocontrol component. The selected strain was also shown to promote growth and increase photosynthetic activity of tomato plants. For phosphorous mobilization and stem degradation, a Trichoderma atrobrunneum strain was selected, which produced cellulose-degrading enzymes even in the absence of stem residues, while this ability increased 10-15-fold in the presence of ground maize stem. The strain was also shown to produce large amounts of enzymes liberating organically bound phosphorous, as well as cellulase and xylanase activities in solid-state fermentation on various plant residues. A Streptomyces albus strain with excellent peroxidase-producing abilities was selected as a potential humus-producing component, while an Azotobacter vinelandii strain with the potential to provide excess nitrogen for crops was included for nitrogen fixation. The assembled soil bioinoculant had positive effect on the uptake of certain important macro- and microelements (potassium, sodium, and manganese) from the soil by field-grown tomato plants. The applied screening strategy proved to be applicable for the assembly of a composite soil bioinoculant with notable application potentials.

Original languageEnglish
Article number220
JournalAgronomy
Volume10
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 3 2020

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Keywords

  • Azotobacter
  • Biocontrol
  • Plant growth promotion
  • Soil inoculant
  • Streptomyces
  • Trichoderma

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Agronomy and Crop Science

Cite this

Allaga, H., Bóka, B., Poór, P., Nagy, V. D., Szucs, A., Stankovics, I., Takó, M., Manczinger, L., Vágvölgyi, C., Kredics, L., & Körmöczi, P. (2020). A composite bioinoculant based on the combined application of beneficial bacteria and fungi. Agronomy, 10(2), [220]. https://doi.org/10.3390/agronomy10020220