A COMPARISON OF THE CARDIOVASCULAR EFFECTS OF DOBUTAMINE AND A NEW DOPAMINE DERIVATIVE (D4975) DURING SHOCK INDUCED BY E. Coli ENDOTOXIN

DOROTHY McCAIG, J. R. PARRATT

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5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The effects of a newly developed dopamine‐xanthine derivative, 7‐propyl‐theophylline‐dopamine (D4975) and of dobutamine have been examined in anaesthetized cats before and after the induction of shock with E. coli endotoxin. Both D4975 and dobutamine caused dose‐related increases in left ventricular (LV) dP/dtmax (and LVdP/dt at fixed isovolumic pressures). Significantly smaller increases in LVdP/dtmax occurred as early as 0.5 to 1 h after endotoxin, with maximal attenuation at 1 to 2 h and some improvement in sensitivity in cats surviving 2 to 4 h. The maximum response to each drug was markedly reduced in shock. Neither D4975 nor dobutamine had significant effects on heart rate. D4975 caused dose‐related increases in systemic arterial blood pressure which were smaller during shock, the changes in responsiveness following those in LVdP/dtmax. Possible mechanisms responsible for changing myocardial sensitivity to these and other agents are discussed. It is concluded that D4975 may be more useful in the treatment of shock than either dopamine or dobutamine because (a) it is more potent during shock than dobutamine (perhaps as a result of phosphodiesterase inhibition by the theophylline component of D4975); (b) its action is longer‐lasting than dobutamine or dopamine and (c) like dobutamine, its effect on heart rate is insignificant. 1980 British Pharmacological Society

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)651-656
Number of pages6
JournalBritish journal of pharmacology
Volume69
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 1980

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology

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