A comparative health survey of the inhabitants of Roma settlements in Hungary

Zsigmond Kósa, G. Széles, László Kardos, Karolina Kósa, Renáta Németh, Sándor Országh, Gabriella Fésüs, Martin McKee, R. Ádány, Z. Vokó

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

82 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objectives. We compared the health of people living in Roma settlements with that of the general population in Hungary. Methods. We performed comparative health interview surveys in 2003 to 2004 in representative samples of the Hungarian population and inhabitants of Roma settlements. Results. In persons older than 44 years, 10% more of those living in Roma settlements reported their health as bad or very bad than did those in the lowest income quartile of the general population. Of those who used any health services, 35% of the Roma inhabitants and 4.4% of the general population experienced some discrimination. In Roma settlements, the proportion of persons who thought that they could do much for their own health was 13% to 15% lower, and heavy smoking and unhealthy diet were 1.5 to 3 times more prevalent, than in the lowest income quartile of the general population. Conclusions. People living in Roma settlements experience severe social exclusion, which profoundly affects their health. Besides tackling the socioeconomic roots of the poor health of Roma people, specific public health interventions, including health education and health promotion programs, are needed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)853-859
Number of pages7
JournalAmerican Journal of Public Health
Volume97
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 2007

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Roma
Hungary
Health Surveys
Health
Population
Health Promotion
Health Education
Health Services
Public Health
Smoking
Interviews
Diet

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

Cite this

A comparative health survey of the inhabitants of Roma settlements in Hungary. / Kósa, Zsigmond; Széles, G.; Kardos, László; Kósa, Karolina; Németh, Renáta; Országh, Sándor; Fésüs, Gabriella; McKee, Martin; Ádány, R.; Vokó, Z.

In: American Journal of Public Health, Vol. 97, No. 5, 05.2007, p. 853-859.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Kósa, Zsigmond ; Széles, G. ; Kardos, László ; Kósa, Karolina ; Németh, Renáta ; Országh, Sándor ; Fésüs, Gabriella ; McKee, Martin ; Ádány, R. ; Vokó, Z. / A comparative health survey of the inhabitants of Roma settlements in Hungary. In: American Journal of Public Health. 2007 ; Vol. 97, No. 5. pp. 853-859.
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