A combination of satins and beta-blockers is independently associated with a reduction in the incidence of perioperative mortality and nonfatal myocardial infarction in patients undergoing abdominal aortic aneurysm surgery

M. D. Kertai, E. Boersma, C. M. Westerhout, J. Klein, H. van Urk, J. J. Bax, J. R.T.C. Roelandt, Don Poldermans

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

179 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective. To investigate the combined beneficial effect of statin and beta-blocker use on perioperative mortality and myocardial infarction (MI) in patients undergoing abdominal aortic aneurysm surgery (AAA). Background. Patients undergoing elective AAA-surgery identified by clinical risk factors and dobutamine stress echocardiography (DSE) as being at high-risk often have considerable cardiac complication rate despite the use of betablockers. Methods. We studied 570 patients (mean age 69±9 years, 486 males) who underwent AAA-surgery between 1991 and 2001 at the Erasmus MC. Patients were evaluated for clinical risk factors (age > 70 years, histories of MI, angina, diabetes mellitus, stroke, renal failure, heart failure and pulmonary disease), DSE, statin and beta-blocker use. The main outcome was a composite of perioperative mortality and MI within 30 days of surgery. Results. Perioperative mortality or MI occurred in 51 (8.9%) patients. The incidence of the composite endpoint was significantly lower in statin users compared to nonusers (3.7% vs. 11.0%; crude odds ratio (OR): 0.31, 95% confidence interval (CI): 0.13-0.74; pZ0.01). After correcting for other covariates, the association between statin use and reduced incidence of the composite endpoint remained unchanged (OR: 0.24, 95% CI: 0.10-0.70; pZ0.01). Beta-blocker use was also associated with a significant reduction in the composite endpoint (OR: 0.24, 95% CI: 0.11-0.54). Patients using a combination of statins and beta-blockers appeared to be at lower risk for the composite endpoint across multiple cardiac risk strata; particularly patients with 3 or more risk factors experienced significantly lower perioperative events. Conclusions. A combination of statin and beta-blocker use in patients with AAA-surgery is associated with a reduced incidence of perioperative mortality and nonfatal MI particularly in patients at the highest risk.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)343-352
Number of pages10
JournalEuropean Journal of Vascular and Endovascular Surgery
Volume28
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 1 2004

Keywords

  • Aortic aneurysm surgery
  • Beta-blockers
  • Statins

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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