A Clinicopathological Approach to Odontogenic Cysts: the Role of Cytokeratin 17 and bcl2 Immunohistochemistry in Identifying Odontogenic Keratocysts

Dorottya Cserni, Tamás Zombori, András Vörös, Anette Stájer, Annamária Rimovszki, Krisztián Daru, Zoltán Baráth, Gábor Cserni

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Odontogenic keratocysts (OKCs) are developmental cysts of the jaws that require proper diagnosis due to their potential for local aggressive growth and recurrences. OKCs have a typical parakeratotic epithelium demonstrating transepithelial cytokeratin 17 (CK17) and basal bcl2 staining on immunohistochemistry (IHC), which distinguishes them from other common jaw cysts. Secondary to inflammation, the epithelial lining may be altered and loses the typical IHC phenotype. The aim of the present study was to analyse a series of consecutive jaw cysts for their expression of CK17 and bcl2 and assess how these IHC stains may help in their diagnosis. All cysts were retrospectively assessed for available clinical, radiological and pathological findings and diagnoses were revised whenever needed. 85 cysts from 72 patients were collected from two departments. The series had 21 OKCs, the remaining non-OKCs included radicular/residual, dentigerous, paradental, lateral periodontal, botryoid odontogenic cysts. OKCs with typical epithelium showed the typical IHC phenotype, which was generally lost in inflammation-associated altered epithelium. Contrarily to earlier descriptions, a wide variety of CK17 positivity was seen in the majority of non-OKCs, including focal transepithelial staining. Basal bcl2 staining was also seen in 16 non-OKCs. These stainings were never as strong in intensity as seen in OKCs. One case was histopathologically identified as OKC due to focally maintained IHC profile. CK17 and bcl2 IHC may help in the diagnosis of OKCs, but must be interpreted with caution and is not a yes or no tool in the diagnostic puzzle.

Original languageEnglish
JournalPathology and Oncology Research
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 2020

Keywords

  • B cell lymphoma – 2 (bcl2)
  • Cytokeratin 17
  • Dentigerous cyst
  • Odontogenic keratocyst
  • Radicular cyst

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pathology and Forensic Medicine
  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

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