A C-terminal di-leucine motif controls plasma membrane expression of PMCA4b

Géza Antalffy, Katalin Pászty, Karolina Varga, Luca Hegedus, Ágnes Enyedi, Rita Padányi

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10 Citations (Scopus)


Recent evidences show that the localization of different plasma membrane Ca2+ ATPases (PMCAs) is regulated in various complex, cell type-specific ways. Here we show that in low-density epithelial and endothelial cells PMCA4b localized mostly in intracellular compartments and its plasma membrane localization was enhanced upon increasing density of cells. In good correlation with the enhanced plasma membrane localization a significantly more efficient Ca2+ clearance was observed in confluent versus non-confluent HeLa cell cultures expressing mCherry-PMCA4b. We analyzed the subcellular localization and function of various C-terminally truncated PMCA4b variants and found that a truncated mutant PMCA4b-ct24 was mostly intracellular while another mutant, PMCA4b-ct48, localized more to the plasma membrane, indicating that a protein sequence corresponding to amino acid residues 1158-1181 contained a signal responsible for the intracellular retention of PMCA4b in non-confluent cultures. Alteration of three leucines to alanines at positions 1167-1169 resulted in enhanced cell surface expression and an appropriate Ca2+ transport activity of both wild type and truncated pumps, suggesting that the di-leucine-like motif 1167LLL was crucial in targeting PMCA4b. Furthermore, upon loss of cell-cell contact by extracellular Ca2+ removal, the wild-type pump was translocated to the early endosomal compartment. Targeting PMCA4b to early endosomes was diminished by the L1167-69A mutation, and the mutant pump accumulated in long tubular cytosolic structures. In summary, we report a di-leucine-like internalization signal at the C-tail of PMCA4b and suggest an internalization-mediated loss of function of the pump upon low degree of cell-cell contact.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2561-2572
Number of pages12
JournalBiochimica et Biophysica Acta - Molecular Cell Research
Issue number12
Publication statusPublished - Dec 1 2013



  • C-terminal tail
  • Di-leucine motif
  • Endocytosis
  • PMCA4b
  • Plasma membrane expression

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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