(Coβ-5'-Deoxyadenosin-5'-yl)-(p-cresolyl)cobamide (Ado-PCC), an analogue of the base-off form of coenzyme-B12 (CoB12), was prepared by alkylation of (Coα/β-cyano/aqua)-(p-cresolyl)cobamide (PCC) with 5'-chloro-5'-deoxyadenosine. The 500 MHz 1H-NMR spectrum of Ado-PCC in D2O at pH 7.4 was completely analyzed using COSY and NOESY two-dimensional experiments. The coenzyme and inhibitory activities of Ado-PCC were tested with three coenzyme-B12-dependent enzymes: (R)-methylmalonyl-CoA mutase, glycerol dehydratase, and diol dehydratase. Ado-PCC showed strong coenzyme activity with methylmalonyl-CoA mutase, which is known to bind the base-off form of CoB12. In contrast, Ado-PCC had no coenzyme activity but acted instead as a competitive inhibitor with glycerol dehydratase and diol dehydratase, which are likely to prefer the base-on form of CoB12. These results indicate that Ado-PCC, whose structure is analogous to the base-off form of CoB12, can be used for probing the mode of coenzyme binding by coenzyme-B12-dependent enzymes.
- (R)-methylmalonyl-CoA mutase (propionibacterium shermanii)
- Base-off analog of coenzyme-B
- Diol dehydratase (Salmonella typhimurium gene overexpressed in E. coli)
- Glycerol dehydratase (Citrobacter freundii gene overexpressed in Escherichia coli)
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