Alzheimer's disease (AD) is the most frequent form of neurodegenerative dementias. The aetiology and the exact pathomechanism of AD is not known, but stress has been considered recently in the aetiology. Beside the abnormal metabolism of the amyloid - precursor protein (APP), the hyperactivity of the mitogen - activated protein kinase 1 (MAPK1) involved in the hyperphosphorylation of the tau proteins - which are considered as the major component of neurofibrillary tangles -, in addition to β-actin, being involved in synaptogenesis and neuronal plasticity, are all considered as important contributors of the development of AD specific neuropathological changes. The major aim of our present investigation was to examine the effect of stress on the expression of APP, MAPK1 and β-actin mRNAs in the rat hippocampus and cortex. The effect of 9-hydroxy-risperidone (9OHRIS) on the transcription of these genes was also examined. Adult, male Wistar rats were exposed to chronic immobilization stress for 3 weeks. The 9OHRIS (4 mg/bwkg) was administred by gastric tube. Four groups were formed depending on the treatment: (1) control, (2) stress, (3) 9OHRIS, (4) stress and parallel 9OHRIS treatment (n=5-6). The expression of APP, MAPK1, β-actin mRNAs from the perfused brain samples was measured with real-time PCR technique. The β-actin mRNA was significantly overexpressed in the hippocampus after 3 weeks of stress treatment. On the other hand, the stress induced hippocampal β-actin mRNA overexpression was repressed by the 9OHRIS treatment. There were no changes in the cortical or hippocampal expression of APP and MAPK1 mRNAs after neither the stress nor the 9OHRIS treatments. These results emphasize the importance of the stress induced β-actin expression in rat hippocampus. The stress induced alterations in the β-actin RNA expression could be associated with neuronal plasticity and adaptional processes, which could be modified by the 9OHRIS treatment. Our findings indicate that a second generation antipsychotic drug could have a beneficial effect in the pathomechanism of stress and this may have relevance in the treatment of such devastating conditions like AD and psychotic disorders.
|Number of pages||7|
|Publication status||Published - Sep 1 2010|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Neuropsychology and Physiological Psychology
- Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutics(all)
- Clinical Neurology