In humans, serotonin (5-HT) has been implicated in numerous physiological and pathological processes in the peripheral auditory system. Dopamine (DA), another transmitter of the lateral olivocochlear (LOC) efferents making synapses on cochlear nerve dendrites, controls auditory nerve activation and protects the sensory nerve against overactivation. Using in vitro microvolume superfusion techniques we tested 5-HT6 and 5-HT7 receptor antagonists whether they can influence dopamine (DA) release from the guinea-pig cochlea in control and in ischemic conditions using currently available and new 5-HT 6 and 5-HT7 antagonists and mixed antagonists, which were synthesized and characterized for the current study. While the 5-HT7 antagonist SB-258719 was ineffective, SB-271046, which blocks the 5-HT 6 receptor, caused a significant increase in cochlear DA release what is contradictory with the excitatory nature of this type of receptor. Moreover, the mixed 5-HT6/7 antagonist EGIS-12233 induced an even more pronounced increase in the resting DA release. To understand why the block of an excitatory receptor results in an increase instead of a decrease in function, we investigated the possible involvement of an indirect neural mechanism through an inhibitory system. In the presence of the GABAA receptor blocker bicuculline, EGIS-12233 failed to increase the release of DA, suggesting that the serotonin receptor modulation of DA release from the lateral olivocochlear efferents in the cochlea was produced indirectly by decreasing the GABAergic inhibitory tone on dopaminergic nerve endings. The mixed 5-HT7/D 4 receptor antagonist EGIS-11983 significantly increased both the stimulation-evoked and the resting DA release, while the selective D4 blocker L-741,741 alone had no significant effect. Ischemia, simulated by oxygen and glucose deprivation from the perfusion solution had no action on the effect of the drugs. Drugs that can increase the release of DA from LOC terminals in the cochlea may have a role in the treatment of sensorineural hearing loss.
- Dopamine release
- GABAergic innervation
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience