5-Hexyl-2′-deoxyuridine Blocks the Cytotoxic Effects of 5-Fluorodeoxyuridine or Deoxyadenosine in Leukemia L1 210 Cells in Culture

Joseph G. Cory, Mary C. Halley, Andras Jeney, Karoly Lapis

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Antitumor agents which block the de novo synthesis of nucleotides can be circumvented by the presence of salvage pathways for the reutilization of nucleobases and nucleosides. Studies have been carried out which show that 5-hexy 1-2'-deoxy uridine (HdUrd) effectively blocks the cytotoxic effects of deoxyadenosine and fluorodeoxyuridine in LI210 cells. Although HdUrd (500 μm) had essentially no effect on the growth of LI210 cells in culture, the total uptake of [14C]cytidine into these cells was inhibited 99% by this concentration of HdUrd. The inhibitory effects of fluorodeoxyuridine (FdUrd) and deoxyadenosine could be completely prevented by the presence of HdUrd (200 μm). The growth inhibitory effects of fluorouracil were not prevented by HdUrd. Dipyridamole prevented the inhibition of LI 210 cell growth by FdUrd but not by deoxyadenosine or fluorouracil. 5-Isopropyl-, 5-pentyl-, and 5-octylde-oxyuridine were not effective in preventing the cytotoxic effects of deoxyadenosine. The data suggest that HdUrd might be useful in blocking the salvage of nucleosides, thereby potentiating the effects of inhibitors of de novo nucleotide synthesis.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4552-4556
Number of pages5
JournalCancer Research
Issue number15
Publication statusPublished - Aug 1 1990


ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

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