3′-phosphodiesterase and 3′ → 5′ exonuclease activities of yeast Apn2 protein and requirement of these activities for repair of oxidative DNA damage

I. Unk, L. Haracska, S. Prakash, L. Prakash

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

52 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In Saccharomyces cerevisiae, the AP endonucleases encoded by the APN1 and APN2 genes provide alternate pathways for the removal of abasic sites. Oxidative DNA-damaging agents, such as H2O2, produce DNA strand breaks which contain 3′-phosphate or 3′-phosphoglycolate termini. Such 3′ termini are inhibitory to synthesis by DNA polymerases. Here, we show that purified yeast Apn2 protein contains 3′-phosphodiesterase and 3′ → 5′ exonuclease activities, and mutation of the active-site residue Glu59 to Ala in Apn2 inactivates both these activities. Consistent with these biochemical observations, genetic studies indicate the involvement of APN2 in the repair of H2O2-induced DNA damage in a pathway alternate to APN1, and the Ala59 mutation inactivates this function of Apn2. From these results, we conclude that the ability of Apn2 to remove 3′-end groups from DNA is paramount for the repair of strand breaks arising from the reaction of DNA with reactive oxygen species.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1656-1661
Number of pages6
JournalMolecular and cellular biology
Volume21
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2001

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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