Mikroemulzió komponenseiként alkalmazott felü letaktív anyagok élo{combining double acute accent} sejtekre gyakorolt hatásának vizsgálata kémiai szerkezetük és micellaképzési tulajdonságuk alapján

Translated title of the contribution: 3-11 Evaluation of cytotoxicity of tensedes used in microemulsions according their chemical structures and CMC

Ujhelyi Zoltán, M. Vecsernyés, I. Bácskay

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The aim of this study was to examine the cellular effects of two non-ionic amphiphilic tenside groups and their mixtures on human Caco-2 cell monolayers as dependent upon their chemical structures and physicochemical properties. The first group of polyethylene glycol esters is represented by Polysorbates and Labrasol alone and in blends, while the members of the second group:Capryol 90, Capryol PGMC, Lauroglycol 90 and Lauroglycol FCC were used as propylene glycol esters. They are increasingly used in SMEDDS as recent tensides or co-tensides to increase the solubility of hydrophobic drug. Critical micelle concentration was measured by determination of surface tension. CMC refers to the ability of solubilization of surfactants. Cytotoxicity tests were performed on Caco-2 cell monolayers by MTT and LDH methods. Caco-2 cell monolayers are convenient and reliable in vitro models of the gastrointestinal tract. Paracellular permeability was examined with Lucifer yellow assays. The integrity of cell monolayers was observed by TransEpithelial Electrical Resistance (TEER) measurements. Tight junction alterations effected by the surfactants were also characterized as evidence for paracellular pathway. Changes in sub cellular localization of the tight junction proteins: ZO-1, Claudin-1and β-cathenin, were examined by confocal laser scanning microscopy.The results of cytotoxicity assays were in agreement and showed significant differences among the cytotoxic properties of surfactants in a concentration-dependent manner. Polysorbates 20, 60, 80 are the most toxic compounds. In the case of Labrasol, the degree of esterification and lack of sorbit component decreased cytotoxicity. If the hydrophyl head was changed from polyethylene glycol to propylene glycol, the main determined factor of cytotoxicity was the monoester content and the length of carbon chain. In our CMC experiments, we found that only Labrasol showed expressed cytotoxicity above the CMC. It refers to good ability of micelle solubilization of Labrasol. In our paracellular transport experiments each of polyethylene glycol surfactants (Polysorbates and Labrasol) altered TEER values but propylene glycol esters did not modify the monolayer integrity. Polyethylene glycol esters alone and in blends (0.05% Labrasol - 0.001% Polysorbates 20, 60, 80) were able to increase Lucifer yellow permeability significantly below the IC50 concentration. On the other hand Labrasol and Polysorbates 20 have expressed effect on tight junctions of Caco-2 monolayer. It could be concluded that polyethylene glycol ester-type tensides were able to enhance the paracellular permeability by the redistribution of junctional proteins. Our results might ensure useful data for selection of suitable tensides, co-tensides and tenside mixtures for SMEDDS formulations.

Original languageHungarian
Pages (from-to)3-11
Number of pages9
JournalActa Pharmaceutica Hungarica
Volume83
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2013

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Surface-Active Agents
Polysorbates
Esters
Propylene Glycol
Caco-2 Cells
Permeability
Tight Junctions
Micelles
Electric Impedance
Zonula Occludens-1 Protein
Surface Tension
Esterification
Poisons
Labrasol
Confocal Microscopy
Solubility
Inhibitory Concentration 50
Gastrointestinal Tract
Carbon
Head

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmaceutical Science

Cite this

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title = "Mikroemulzi{\'o} komponenseik{\'e}nt alkalmazott fel{\"u} letakt{\'i}v anyagok {\'e}lo{combining double acute accent} sejtekre gyakorolt hat{\'a}s{\'a}nak vizsg{\'a}lata k{\'e}miai szerkezet{\"u}k {\'e}s micellak{\'e}pz{\'e}si tulajdons{\'a}guk alapj{\'a}n",
abstract = "The aim of this study was to examine the cellular effects of two non-ionic amphiphilic tenside groups and their mixtures on human Caco-2 cell monolayers as dependent upon their chemical structures and physicochemical properties. The first group of polyethylene glycol esters is represented by Polysorbates and Labrasol alone and in blends, while the members of the second group:Capryol 90, Capryol PGMC, Lauroglycol 90 and Lauroglycol FCC were used as propylene glycol esters. They are increasingly used in SMEDDS as recent tensides or co-tensides to increase the solubility of hydrophobic drug. Critical micelle concentration was measured by determination of surface tension. CMC refers to the ability of solubilization of surfactants. Cytotoxicity tests were performed on Caco-2 cell monolayers by MTT and LDH methods. Caco-2 cell monolayers are convenient and reliable in vitro models of the gastrointestinal tract. Paracellular permeability was examined with Lucifer yellow assays. The integrity of cell monolayers was observed by TransEpithelial Electrical Resistance (TEER) measurements. Tight junction alterations effected by the surfactants were also characterized as evidence for paracellular pathway. Changes in sub cellular localization of the tight junction proteins: ZO-1, Claudin-1and β-cathenin, were examined by confocal laser scanning microscopy.The results of cytotoxicity assays were in agreement and showed significant differences among the cytotoxic properties of surfactants in a concentration-dependent manner. Polysorbates 20, 60, 80 are the most toxic compounds. In the case of Labrasol, the degree of esterification and lack of sorbit component decreased cytotoxicity. If the hydrophyl head was changed from polyethylene glycol to propylene glycol, the main determined factor of cytotoxicity was the monoester content and the length of carbon chain. In our CMC experiments, we found that only Labrasol showed expressed cytotoxicity above the CMC. It refers to good ability of micelle solubilization of Labrasol. In our paracellular transport experiments each of polyethylene glycol surfactants (Polysorbates and Labrasol) altered TEER values but propylene glycol esters did not modify the monolayer integrity. Polyethylene glycol esters alone and in blends (0.05{\%} Labrasol - 0.001{\%} Polysorbates 20, 60, 80) were able to increase Lucifer yellow permeability significantly below the IC50 concentration. On the other hand Labrasol and Polysorbates 20 have expressed effect on tight junctions of Caco-2 monolayer. It could be concluded that polyethylene glycol ester-type tensides were able to enhance the paracellular permeability by the redistribution of junctional proteins. Our results might ensure useful data for selection of suitable tensides, co-tensides and tenside mixtures for SMEDDS formulations.",
author = "Ujhelyi Zolt{\'a}n and M. Vecserny{\'e}s and I. B{\'a}cskay",
year = "2013",
language = "Hungarian",
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pages = "3--11",
journal = "Acta Pharmaceutica Hungarica",
issn = "0001-6659",
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TY - JOUR

T1 - Mikroemulzió komponenseiként alkalmazott felü letaktív anyagok élo{combining double acute accent} sejtekre gyakorolt hatásának vizsgálata kémiai szerkezetük és micellaképzési tulajdonságuk alapján

AU - Zoltán, Ujhelyi

AU - Vecsernyés, M.

AU - Bácskay, I.

PY - 2013

Y1 - 2013

N2 - The aim of this study was to examine the cellular effects of two non-ionic amphiphilic tenside groups and their mixtures on human Caco-2 cell monolayers as dependent upon their chemical structures and physicochemical properties. The first group of polyethylene glycol esters is represented by Polysorbates and Labrasol alone and in blends, while the members of the second group:Capryol 90, Capryol PGMC, Lauroglycol 90 and Lauroglycol FCC were used as propylene glycol esters. They are increasingly used in SMEDDS as recent tensides or co-tensides to increase the solubility of hydrophobic drug. Critical micelle concentration was measured by determination of surface tension. CMC refers to the ability of solubilization of surfactants. Cytotoxicity tests were performed on Caco-2 cell monolayers by MTT and LDH methods. Caco-2 cell monolayers are convenient and reliable in vitro models of the gastrointestinal tract. Paracellular permeability was examined with Lucifer yellow assays. The integrity of cell monolayers was observed by TransEpithelial Electrical Resistance (TEER) measurements. Tight junction alterations effected by the surfactants were also characterized as evidence for paracellular pathway. Changes in sub cellular localization of the tight junction proteins: ZO-1, Claudin-1and β-cathenin, were examined by confocal laser scanning microscopy.The results of cytotoxicity assays were in agreement and showed significant differences among the cytotoxic properties of surfactants in a concentration-dependent manner. Polysorbates 20, 60, 80 are the most toxic compounds. In the case of Labrasol, the degree of esterification and lack of sorbit component decreased cytotoxicity. If the hydrophyl head was changed from polyethylene glycol to propylene glycol, the main determined factor of cytotoxicity was the monoester content and the length of carbon chain. In our CMC experiments, we found that only Labrasol showed expressed cytotoxicity above the CMC. It refers to good ability of micelle solubilization of Labrasol. In our paracellular transport experiments each of polyethylene glycol surfactants (Polysorbates and Labrasol) altered TEER values but propylene glycol esters did not modify the monolayer integrity. Polyethylene glycol esters alone and in blends (0.05% Labrasol - 0.001% Polysorbates 20, 60, 80) were able to increase Lucifer yellow permeability significantly below the IC50 concentration. On the other hand Labrasol and Polysorbates 20 have expressed effect on tight junctions of Caco-2 monolayer. It could be concluded that polyethylene glycol ester-type tensides were able to enhance the paracellular permeability by the redistribution of junctional proteins. Our results might ensure useful data for selection of suitable tensides, co-tensides and tenside mixtures for SMEDDS formulations.

AB - The aim of this study was to examine the cellular effects of two non-ionic amphiphilic tenside groups and their mixtures on human Caco-2 cell monolayers as dependent upon their chemical structures and physicochemical properties. The first group of polyethylene glycol esters is represented by Polysorbates and Labrasol alone and in blends, while the members of the second group:Capryol 90, Capryol PGMC, Lauroglycol 90 and Lauroglycol FCC were used as propylene glycol esters. They are increasingly used in SMEDDS as recent tensides or co-tensides to increase the solubility of hydrophobic drug. Critical micelle concentration was measured by determination of surface tension. CMC refers to the ability of solubilization of surfactants. Cytotoxicity tests were performed on Caco-2 cell monolayers by MTT and LDH methods. Caco-2 cell monolayers are convenient and reliable in vitro models of the gastrointestinal tract. Paracellular permeability was examined with Lucifer yellow assays. The integrity of cell monolayers was observed by TransEpithelial Electrical Resistance (TEER) measurements. Tight junction alterations effected by the surfactants were also characterized as evidence for paracellular pathway. Changes in sub cellular localization of the tight junction proteins: ZO-1, Claudin-1and β-cathenin, were examined by confocal laser scanning microscopy.The results of cytotoxicity assays were in agreement and showed significant differences among the cytotoxic properties of surfactants in a concentration-dependent manner. Polysorbates 20, 60, 80 are the most toxic compounds. In the case of Labrasol, the degree of esterification and lack of sorbit component decreased cytotoxicity. If the hydrophyl head was changed from polyethylene glycol to propylene glycol, the main determined factor of cytotoxicity was the monoester content and the length of carbon chain. In our CMC experiments, we found that only Labrasol showed expressed cytotoxicity above the CMC. It refers to good ability of micelle solubilization of Labrasol. In our paracellular transport experiments each of polyethylene glycol surfactants (Polysorbates and Labrasol) altered TEER values but propylene glycol esters did not modify the monolayer integrity. Polyethylene glycol esters alone and in blends (0.05% Labrasol - 0.001% Polysorbates 20, 60, 80) were able to increase Lucifer yellow permeability significantly below the IC50 concentration. On the other hand Labrasol and Polysorbates 20 have expressed effect on tight junctions of Caco-2 monolayer. It could be concluded that polyethylene glycol ester-type tensides were able to enhance the paracellular permeability by the redistribution of junctional proteins. Our results might ensure useful data for selection of suitable tensides, co-tensides and tenside mixtures for SMEDDS formulations.

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