2,4‐D‐Induced Changes in the K+ Uptake of Wheat Roots at Different pH Values

FERENC ZSOLDOS, BÉLA KARVALY, ILDIKÓ TÓTH, L. Erdei

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Abstract

The effects of an auxin herbicide, 2,4‐D, at a concentration of 0.01 mM, on the K+ uptake and efflux of excised roots of wheat (Triticum aestivum L. cv. Rannaya) were investigated at different pH values. The K+ movement was monitored with a K+ (86Rb) tracer. In parallel experiments the ATPase activities of microsomal fractions were determined by the inorganic phosphate liberation method. 2,4‐D inhibited the K+ uptake especially at low pH, irrespective of whether Ca2+ was present or not. No marked changes were observed in the K+ efflux properties at pH values above 4. The inhibitory effect on K+ uptake exhibited a correlation with the hydrocarbon solubility of the herbicide, but not with the 2,4‐D‐induced decrease of the ATPase activity. It is suggested that 2,4‐D exerts a non‐specific effect on the lipid‐protein interactions, giving rise to a generalized alteration of the transport barrier properties of the plasma membrane even at as low a concentration as 0.01 mM.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)395-399
Number of pages5
JournalPhysiologia Plantarum
Volume44
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1978

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Genetics
  • Plant Science
  • Cell Biology

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