A Nagyszombati Egyetem Orvosi Kar megalapitásának 232. évfordulójára

Translated title of the contribution: 232nd Anniversary of the foundation of the Medical Faculty of the Nagyszombat University

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Based upon the initiatives and preparation of her personal physician, Gerhard van Swieten, the organizer and professor of the Medical Faculty of the Wien University, Maria Theresa have - with her order of the 14th December 1769 - extended the Nagyszombat University, founded in 1635, with a medical faculty. The extremely high wage -1200 forints per year - of the five professors appointed via competition, was also ment to ensure the high level of education. Her efforts to provide the conditions of the education (cadavers, clinical beds) by orders were in vain, so the University was moved to a more advantageous place, Buda, where it started to function on the 9th November 1777, according to the provisions of the Ratio Educationis and the Diploma Inaugurale, issued at the same time. After the death of Maria Theresa, Joseph Il has moved the University from its miserable epidemiologic circumstances to Pest, where it started a rapid development - by 1812 training was provided at 11 departments already. The centralizing II. Ratio Educationis of Francis I, however, withdrew the academic freedom, fixed the curriculum and the examination system, and raised the duration of the education for 5 years. The April Code of 1848 have ultimately declared the independency of the University and the academic freedom. Those days lived, teached and practised at the University Ignac Semmelweis. Since then, the University has reached outstanding - even Nobel-prize winner- results, has introduced English and German language training for foreign students, have formed and maintains active scientific cooperation with a number of dignified foreign institutions.

Original languageHungarian
Pages (from-to)151-155
Number of pages5
JournalOrvoskepzes
Volume77
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2002

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Medical Faculties
Anniversaries and Special Events
Education
Language Therapy
Nobel Prize
Salaries and Fringe Benefits
Cadaver
Curriculum
Students
Physicians

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

A Nagyszombati Egyetem Orvosi Kar megalapitásának 232. évfordulójára. / Préda, I.

In: Orvoskepzes, Vol. 77, No. 2, 2002, p. 151-155.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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